The United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), launched in 2015, set goals to achieve a sustainable and fair future for people around the world by the year 2030. Since 2016, the State of São Paulo government has been working to institutionalize the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs. Scientific research on these themes makes an important contribution to achieving the goals. As a state sponsoring agency, the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) is in line with official initiatives in progress and, over time, has offered financial support for scientific, technological and innovation research in this context.
FAPESP Initiatives and Programs for the 2030 Agenda:
The FAPESP Research Program on Global Climate Change supports research focusing on the analysis of changes in carbon stocks, precipitation patterns, rising sea levels, climatic extremes, among other topics. The objective is to understand the critical processes that control the climate and to develop scientifically based mitigation and adaptation strategies.
The Program for the Modernization of State Research Institutese (PDIP) invests in the modernization of the infrastructure and training of personnel from 12 research institutions in São Paulo.
The Energy Production and Innovation Center (EPIC) aims to seek innovative solutions to optimize energy production, especially aiming at oil well efficiency, reservoir recovery and better water management withdrawal from oil during drilling and extraction activities. Hosted at the University of Campinas, the center is funded by FAPESP and Equinor.
The Research Centre for Gas Innovation (RCGI) appears as a world centre for advanced studies on energy transition for the sustainable use of natural gas, biogas, hydrogen and management, transport, storage and usage of CO2. Its activities are based on three pillars: research, innovation and dissemination of knowledge. Based at the University of São Paulo, RCGI is funded by FAPESP and Shell.
The Engineering Research Center Prof. Urbano Ernesto Stumpf does research in vehicle powertrains adopting biofuels require a comprehensive approach. The topics addressed range from basic research on the phenomenology of the formation and evolution of sprays of ethanol and its combustion, to architectures linking powertrain and vehicle. The center is funded by FAPESP and the PSA Group and it is based in the University of Campinas.
The Center for Innovation on New Energies (CINE) was launched by FAPESP, Shell Brazil, University of Campinas, University of São Paulo and the Energy and Nuclear Research Institute (IPEN) in 2018. CINE's goal is the development of new energy storage devices with zero or close-to-zero greenhouse gas emissions using renewable fuels and novel technological routes to convert methane into chemicals, among other goals. The Center’s mission is to produce knowledge at the research frontier, and in parallel to transfer technology to the business sector.
The Genomics for Climate Change Research Center (GCCRC) is hosted by the University of Campinas (UNICAMP) with funding from FAPESP and the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA). The Center’s mission is to develop biotechnological solutions that increase plant resistance to drought and heat, and to transfer technology to the productive sector. Using genomics and genome editing, genetics and genetic engineering, as well as research on microbiomes, it will create and manage genetic improvement and agricultural biotechnology pipelines for the creation of genetically edited transgenic plant varieties, among other activities.