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FAPESP and the Sustainable Development Goals

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SDG 13 Climate Action

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SDG 13 Climate Action

Drought in the Cerrado (Neotropical savanna) is the worst for at least seven centuries, study shows
SDG 13
Drought in the Cerrado (Neotropical savanna) is the worst for at least seven centuries, study shows

Chemical analysis of stalagmites in the Peruaçu Caves National Park showed that global warming has disrupted the hydrological cycle in Brazil’s central region, making a significant proportion of any rain that falls evaporate before it can penetrate the soil.


São Paulo School of Advanced Science presents innovative approach to environmental issues
SDG 11, SDG 13, SDG 17
São Paulo School of Advanced Science presents innovative approach to environmental issues

Focus on transdisciplinarity aims to foster participation by all stakeholders in efforts to address global change. The subject was front and center at an event held in April 2024 at a historic town in São Paulo state.


In Brazil, 76% of deforestation in three Amazonian states occurred in a planned agricultural development zone
SDG 2, SDG 13
In Brazil, 76% of deforestation in three Amazonian states occurred in a planned agricultural development zone

The researchers showed that pressure has intensified since the 2018 announcement of a plan to create a development zone where the states of Amazonas, Acre and Rondônia meet.


Wildfires in old-growth Amazon forest areas rose 152% in 2023, study shows
SDG 13, SDG 15
Wildfires in old-growth Amazon forest areas rose 152% in 2023, study shows

The increase was confirmed by an analysis of satellite images, contrasting with a drop in deforestation and the total number of fires detected in the Amazon. The Brazilian government’s center for forest fire prevention says it is partnering with other institutions to combat wildfires in the region.


Maps developed with artificial intelligence confirm low levels of phosphorus in Amazonian soil
SDG 13
Maps developed with artificial intelligence confirm low levels of phosphorus in Amazonian soil

Research introduces new methodology to describe the amount of the mineral, which is important in the growth cycle of vegetation and can affect the forest’s response to climate change.


Without proper management, Cerrado becomes disfigured and less resilient to climate change
SDG 13, SDG 15
Without proper management, Cerrado becomes disfigured and less resilient to climate change

A study conducted over a period of 14 years in the Brazilian savanna-like biome shows its typical vegetation rapidly becoming ‘cerradão’ – a biodiversity-poor forest formation – while resistance to drought and wildfires weakens.


Consortium including Brazilians sequences the reference genome of Arabica coffee
SDG 9, SDG 13
Consortium including Brazilians sequences the reference genome of Arabica coffee

The work makes it possible to tell the story of the fusion of genomes that gave rise to the world’s most consumed species, as well as identifying genes responsible for resistance to rust and other diseases.


International group runs simulations capable of describing South America’s climate with unprecedented accuracy
SDG 13
International group runs simulations capable of describing South America’s climate with unprecedented accuracy

The aim is to create a computer visualization model that more accurately represents the hydroclimatic processes that occur in the region and to support climate change adaptation measures; the initiative was presented during FAPESP Week Illinois.


PROASA program will advance knowledge of South Atlantic and Antarctic
SDG 12, SDG 13, SDG 14, SDG 17
PROASA program will advance knowledge of South Atlantic and Antarctic

Launched on April 2 at FAPESP, the program will initially involve researchers from Brazil, Argentina and France.


French Guiana joins Amazon+10 Initiative
SDG 11, SDG 13, SDG 17
French Guiana joins Amazon+10 Initiative

An agreement to this end was signed in Belém in the Brazilian Amazon during the visit of French President Emmanuel Macron and Laurent Linguet, President of the University of French Guiana. The aim is to foster international cooperation that furthers the development of the Amazon region.


Chile-Brazil collaboration is studying impact of climate change in one of the world’s most untouched places
SDG 13, SDG 14
Chile-Brazil collaboration is studying impact of climate change in one of the world’s most untouched places

Working in partnership with scientists at the University of Magallanes in Chile, Brazilian researchers are conducting studies of the Chilean subantarctic region.


Innovation in genome editing of tropical maize could accelerate agricultural research in the country
SDG 13
Innovation in genome editing of tropical maize could accelerate agricultural research in the country

Three of the five tropical strains were successfully transformed using the morphogenic gene expression strategy, achieving efficiency rates three times higher than the average of the protocols.


RCGI joins international consortium to coordinate collaboration on zero-carbon initiatives
SDG 13
RCGI joins international consortium to coordinate collaboration on zero-carbon initiatives

The Global Technology Hub, launched at COP28, will promote decarbonization projects and financing. The goal is to enable developing countries to achieve net-zero emissions.


How a government program promoted conservation of Atlantic Rainforest remnants on rural properties
SDG 12, SDG 13, SDG 15
How a government program promoted conservation of Atlantic Rainforest remnants on rural properties

Farmers in the Paraíba Valley region of São Paulo state received economic incentives such as payment for environmental services to adopt conservation practices and protect native vegetation.


Study shows how to increase success rate of restoration initiatives in the Cerrado
SDG 13, SDG 15
Study shows how to increase success rate of restoration initiatives in the Cerrado

A research project led by the State University of Campinas investigated how manipulation of native species in this Brazilian savanna-like biome can prevent reinvasion of restored areas by exotic grasses. The results emphasize the importance of fostering species diversity.


Wood condition, root constriction and improper pruning can be used as predictors of urban tree failure
SDG 11, SDG 13
Wood condition, root constriction and improper pruning can be used as predictors of urban tree failure

A study of the São Paulo city center in Brazil proposed guidelines and specified stakeholder roles for reducing the number of tree failures, which average 2,000 per year there.


Restoration of degraded areas in semi-arid region contributes to ‘return’ of soil microorganisms, study shows
SDG 2, SDG 13
Restoration of degraded areas in semi-arid region contributes to ‘return’ of soil microorganisms, study shows

Bacteria, fungi and archaea living in the soil provide several ecosystem services, including carbon storage, and help restore native characteristics. The result contributes to advances in sustainable agriculture, one of the key points for this year’s G20 meetings.


The most comprehensive survey of Brazilian coastal and marine biodiversity conducted to date has been launched
SDG 13, SDG 14
The most comprehensive survey of Brazilian coastal and marine biodiversity conducted to date has been launched

The report was written by 53 academic and government specialists, 12 young researchers, and 26 representatives of Indigenous and traditional communities. It aims to be useful to policymakers and to raise the general public’s awareness of the importance of protecting the ocean and coastline.


Applications for São Paulo School of Advanced Science on Biodiversity are now being received by State University of Campinas
SDG 13, SDG 14, SDG 15
Applications for São Paulo School of Advanced Science on Biodiversity are now being received by State University of Campinas

The event, which is supported by FAPESP, is for young researchers and environmental technicians. Thirty applicants from Brazil and 30 from other countries will be selected.


In the Cerrado, crop diversification has beneficial effects on wildlife and reduces the presence of boars
SDG 2, SDG 12, SDG 13
In the Cerrado, crop diversification has beneficial effects on wildlife and reduces the presence of boars

Considered an invasive species, Sus scrofa causes damage to farmers in an important part of Brazil’s savanna-like biome. The researchers analyzed 55 landscapes in São Paulo state, observing larger numbers of native mammals in areas with well-conserved vegetation and diversified crops, while native species richness was far lower in areas of monoculture.


United Kingdom, Switzerland and Germany join new call for proposals issued by Amazon+10 Initiative
SDG 11, SDG 13, SDG 14, SDG 15, SDG 17
United Kingdom, Switzerland and Germany join new call for proposals issued by Amazon+10 Initiative

With the new contributions from abroad, the Scientific Expeditions call, issued in partnership with the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development, now has a fund totaling some BRL 94 million.


Method combines artificial intelligence and satellite imagery to map crop-livestock integration systems
SDG 2, SDG 13
Method combines artificial intelligence and satellite imagery to map crop-livestock integration systems

The study, which was conducted by Brazilian researchers, supports sustainable agriculture and offers contributions to public policy formulation.


Novel methodology projects growth of native trees, enhancing return on investment in forest restoration
SDG 13, SDG 15
Novel methodology projects growth of native trees, enhancing return on investment in forest restoration

The study analyzed data for 13 Atlantic Rainforest restoration areas involving ten species of native trees that could be commercially useful to the timber industry. Publication of the findings comes during the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration.


More than 80% of tree species endemic to the Atlantic Rainforest are threatened with extinction
SDG 13, SDG 15
More than 80% of tree species endemic to the Atlantic Rainforest are threatened with extinction

A study published in the journal Science shows for the first time the degree of threat to all tree species in the biome, classifying 65% as vulnerable or endangered to some extent. According to the authors, their findings are conservative – the actual situation could be even more alarming.


FAPESP at COP28 reinforces coalition to create new international body to protect the oceans
SDG 13, SDG 14
FAPESP at COP28 reinforces coalition to create new international body to protect the oceans

The International Panel for Ocean Sustainability (IPOS) will translate scientific information into policymaking decisions that help protect the world’s oceans.


News about research projects funded by FAPESP and articulated with the SDGs: