Fapesp

FAPESP and the Sustainable Development Goals

News

SDG 13 Climate Action

News

SDG 13 Climate Action

Risk management policies are still insufficient to limit the effects of extreme weather events
SDG 13
Risk management policies are still insufficient to limit the effects of extreme weather events

A study reported in Nature analyzed floods and droughts that affected the same place twice, finding that the second occurrence caused more damage, generally speaking. The authors included scientists affiliated with the University of São Paulo.


Mixed forest plantations tend to be more resilient to climate change, scientists say
SDG 13
Mixed forest plantations tend to be more resilient to climate change, scientists say

To confirm this hypothesis, researchers in Brazil and France are conducting an experiment to find out how tree diversity influences carbon uptake and drought tolerance. The project was discussed by participants in an event held at IPT, the São Paulo State Technological Research Institute.


Climate crisis and anthropic pressure are destabilizing the Pantanal
SDG 13
Climate crisis and anthropic pressure are destabilizing the Pantanal

Brazilian researchers investigated the complexity of the world’s largest wetland biome, predicting heavier rainfall and longer dry periods, and proposing six guidelines for sustainable governance of the region.


Study findings can help breeders select beef cattle that gain weight more easily and emit less methane
SDG 2, SDG 13
Study findings can help breeders select beef cattle that gain weight more easily and emit less methane

An investigation conducted in Brazil analyzed all the microorganisms present in the feces of Nelore bulls and found biomarkers that can identify animals with a low-emission, feed-efficient phenotype.


Fire in the Amazon is associated more with agricultural burning and deforestation than with drought
SDG 13
Fire in the Amazon is associated more with agricultural burning and deforestation than with drought

Conclusion came from a Brazilian study that analyzed active fire occurrences between 2003 and 2020 in the nine countries with Amazon Rainforest areas. Brazil accounted on average for 73% of the fires detected in the period.


Study estimates how much deforestation could increase if restrictions on mining in the Amazon are lifted
SDG 13
Study estimates how much deforestation could increase if restrictions on mining in the Amazon are lifted

Using models based on a reserve created by the government for geological research and protection of mineral assets, Brazilian researchers estimated that opening the area up to mining would lead to the destruction of 183 km² of forest and further loss of 7,626 km² due to the direct and indirect impacts of the infrastructure required to implement and operate projects.


Scientists discover mechanism that can cause collapse of great Atlantic circulation system
SDG 13
Scientists discover mechanism that can cause collapse of great Atlantic circulation system

The process is associated with warming of the ocean subsurface resulting in a reduction of surface salinity due to the release of huge iceberg armadas from glaciers.


Study shows challenge of promoting citizen science to help prevent disasters caused by flooding
SDG 11, SDG 13
Study shows challenge of promoting citizen science to help prevent disasters caused by flooding

An article in Disaster Prevention and Management describes the course of discussions involving Brazil and the UK on how to improve flood risk governance. The project has produced an application and learning guide resulting from community participation.


Indiscriminate tree planting destroys grasslands and savannas instead of restoring them, scientists warn
SDG 13, SDG 15
Indiscriminate tree planting destroys grasslands and savannas instead of restoring them, scientists warn

In a special issue of the journal Science, some of the leading experts on the subject argue that rehabilitating degraded areas requires more complex solutions that take the biome’s specificities into account.


Study quantifies impact of human activity on Atlantic Rainforest’s carbon storage capacity
SDG 13
Study quantifies impact of human activity on Atlantic Rainforest’s carbon storage capacity

Conservation of CO2 stocks in the biome is highly affected by forest degradation, which could lead to at least 30% higher emissions than those produced by climate change. The warning comes from a paper by Brazilian scientists published in Science Advances.


The central role of the alphabetical writing system in the colonization of America
SDG 10, SDG 13
The central role of the alphabetical writing system in the colonization of America

The topic was discussed by French historian Serge Gruzinski in a lecture delivered at the FAPESP 60 Years School in Humanities, Social Sciences and Arts.


‘In addition to emission cuts, we must adapt to a planet that’s 3 to 5 degrees warmer,’ scientist urges
SDG 13
‘In addition to emission cuts, we must adapt to a planet that’s 3 to 5 degrees warmer,’ scientist urges

The need to adapt was emphasized by Guy Brasseur, director of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Nobel Peace Laureate in 2007, and keynote speaker on the last day of the FAPESP 60 Years School.


Researchers use AI to define priority areas for action to combat deforestation in the Amazon
SDG 13
Researchers use AI to define priority areas for action to combat deforestation in the Amazon

A study using satellite imagery and machine learning techniques shows that many deforestation hotspots lie outside the 11 municipalities currently monitored by the Brazilian federal government under its Amazon Plan 2021/2022.


Amazon Rainforest’s resilience creates windows of opportunity for passive regeneration
SDG 13
Amazon Rainforest’s resilience creates windows of opportunity for passive regeneration

A study conducted at the University of São Paulo highlights the importance of riparian forests in the process.


Degradation of remaining Amazon forest could emit as much carbon as deforestation, if not more
SDG 13
Degradation of remaining Amazon forest could emit as much carbon as deforestation, if not more

The world’s largest tropical forest has already lost 30% of its carbon storage capacity owing to human activity. This and other topics were discussed at a webinar held to honor FAPESP’s 60th anniversary by the São Paulo State Academy of Sciences.


North Atlantic temperature helps forecast extreme events in Northeast Brazil up to 3 months in advance
SDG 13
North Atlantic temperature helps forecast extreme events in Northeast Brazil up to 3 months in advance

The finding comes from a study reported by scientists from Brazil, China, Australia and Germany in the journal Geophysical Research Letters. The group used a novel methodology focusing on low rainfall and severe drought.


Study advocates strategies to halt rapid degradation of grasslands
SDG 13
Study advocates strategies to halt rapid degradation of grasslands

Grasslands are endangered everywhere on Earth, warns a group of researchers from several countries in Nature Reviews Earth & Environment. The solution involves restoration and the pursuit of sustainable economic development alternatives.


Technology optimizes renewable energy generation from malting barley bagasse by the beer industry
SDG 12, SDG 13
Technology optimizes renewable energy generation from malting barley bagasse by the beer industry

A research group at the State University of Campinas proposes treating the solid waste produced by breweries with ultrasound before submitting it to the process of digestion by microorganisms. The strategy obtains larger amounts of methane, which can be used by the brewery itself to generate electricity and heat. The final waste can be used as crop fertilizer.


Studies on carbon storage supported by FAPESP contributed to legislative proposal
SDG 12, SDG 13
Studies on carbon storage supported by FAPESP contributed to legislative proposal

Results of studies conducted at the Research Center for Greenhouse Gas Innovation (RCGI) have fed into a bill before the Senate to set up a legal framework on carbon capture and storage as an economic activity.


Small temperature rise can be lethal for amphibian endemic to Cerrado, study shows
SDG 13
Small temperature rise can be lethal for amphibian endemic to Cerrado, study shows

In the laboratory, tadpoles of the species B. ibitiguara kept in water 3 °C warmer than the highest temperature recorded in their habitat were unable to complete metamorphosis, indicating a threat to the species from climate change.


Amazon+10 Initiative issues first call for proposals
SDG 11, SDG 13
Amazon+10 Initiative issues first call for proposals

FAPESP and 19 other research foundations will invest BRL 50 million in collaborative science projects aiming at sustainable development in the Amazon.


International meeting discusses proposals for collaborative funding of research in the Amazon
SDG 13, SDG 17
International meeting discusses proposals for collaborative funding of research in the Amazon

The workshop was a side event to the Annual Meeting of the Global Research Council. The need to dialogue with and learn from traditional communities, especially Indigenous peoples, was emphasized in the discussions.


Belo Monte reservoir has tripled local greenhouse gas emissions
SDG 13
Belo Monte reservoir has tripled local greenhouse gas emissions

Monitoring since 2011 shows that emission levels vary significantly from one part of the complex to another, making the standards used in environmental impact assessments and the carbon credit market unreliable.


Drought and fire increase Amazon tree deaths and CO2 emissions
SDG 13
Drought and fire increase Amazon tree deaths and CO2 emissions

El Niño-driven extreme drought and forest fires in 2015-16 caused the loss of 3 billion trees and emissions of 495 million metric tons of carbon dioxide in the ensuing three years, destroying more than deforestation throughout the Brazilian Amazon.


In 20 years, natural regeneration of tropical forests recoups 80% of old-growth carbon and soil fertility
SDG 13
In 20 years, natural regeneration of tropical forests recoups 80% of old-growth carbon and soil fertility

A study published in Science shows that secondary forests are more resilient than previously thought and can recover quickly, helping to mitigate the adverse effects of climate change and conserve biodiversity.


News about research projects funded by FAPESP and articulated with the SDGs: