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FAPESP and the Sustainable Development Goals

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SDG 2 Zero Hunger

News

SDG 2 Zero Hunger

In Brazil, 76% of deforestation in three Amazonian states occurred in a planned agricultural development zone
SDG 2, SDG 13
In Brazil, 76% of deforestation in three Amazonian states occurred in a planned agricultural development zone

The researchers showed that pressure has intensified since the 2018 announcement of a plan to create a development zone where the states of Amazonas, Acre and Rondônia meet.


Registration of biological pest control products exceeds that of agrochemicals in Brazil
SDG 2, SDG 17
Registration of biological pest control products exceeds that of agrochemicals in Brazil

Around 90% of the sugarcane area in Brazil now uses natural enemies to combat agricultural pests; data were presented during FAPESP Week Illinois.


Genetic improvement of conventional soybeans generates special varieties
SDG 2, SDG 9
Genetic improvement of conventional soybeans generates special varieties

A startup supported by FAPESP is developing novel cultivars to offer growers a high-value-added option.


Restoration of degraded areas in semi-arid region contributes to ‘return’ of soil microorganisms, study shows
SDG 2, SDG 13
Restoration of degraded areas in semi-arid region contributes to ‘return’ of soil microorganisms, study shows

Bacteria, fungi and archaea living in the soil provide several ecosystem services, including carbon storage, and help restore native characteristics. The result contributes to advances in sustainable agriculture, one of the key points for this year’s G20 meetings.


Study explains how a fungus can control the Corn leafhopper, an extremely harmful pest
SDG 2
Study explains how a fungus can control the Corn leafhopper, an extremely harmful pest

Described in the journal Scientific Reports, the research was conducted at SPARCBio, a center established by FAPESP and biological control company Koppert at the University of São Paulo’s Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture.


São Paulo School of Advanced Science on Hologenomic Data Analysis for Agriculture is receiving applications
SDG 2, SDG 9
São Paulo School of Advanced Science on Hologenomic Data Analysis for Agriculture is receiving applications

The event will take place in São Carlos (São Paulo state, Brazil) with FAPESP’s support. Twenty participants from Brazil and 20 from other countries will be selected.


In the Cerrado, crop diversification has beneficial effects on wildlife and reduces the presence of boars
SDG 2, SDG 12, SDG 13
In the Cerrado, crop diversification has beneficial effects on wildlife and reduces the presence of boars

Considered an invasive species, Sus scrofa causes damage to farmers in an important part of Brazil’s savanna-like biome. The researchers analyzed 55 landscapes in São Paulo state, observing larger numbers of native mammals in areas with well-conserved vegetation and diversified crops, while native species richness was far lower in areas of monoculture.


Method combines artificial intelligence and satellite imagery to map crop-livestock integration systems
SDG 2, SDG 13
Method combines artificial intelligence and satellite imagery to map crop-livestock integration systems

The study, which was conducted by Brazilian researchers, supports sustainable agriculture and offers contributions to public policy formulation.


Climate intelligence platform supports decision-making by farmers and agroindustry
SDG 2, SDG 9, SDG 13
Climate intelligence platform supports decision-making by farmers and agroindustry

Agrosmart, a startup based in São Paulo state, presented its portfolio of solutions during COP28, the UN Climate Change Conference held in Dubai.


Artificial intelligence applied to drone imagery helps improve agricultural productivity
SDG 2, SDG 9
Artificial intelligence applied to drone imagery helps improve agricultural productivity

A Brazilian startup’s AI algorithms detect infestations, classify weeds and produce localized spraying files.


Biopesticide is harmless to mammals but can wipe out colonies of wasps that benefit plants
SDG 2
Biopesticide is harmless to mammals but can wipe out colonies of wasps that benefit plants

Albeit less lethal than synthetic insecticides, this fungus-based substance is not detected by social insects and can spread spores to entire nests, threatening the survival of species that play a key role in pest control and pollination.


New RIDC will work to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration in agriculture
SDG 2, SDG 13
New RIDC will work to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration in agriculture

The Center for Carbon Research in Tropical Agriculture (CCARBON) is a Research, Innovation and Dissemination Center (RIDC) supported by FAPESP and hosted by the University of São Paulo’s Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture (ESALQ-USP). It was officially launched on November 17 and aims to make food, fiber and energy productivity part of the solution to the climate crisis.


The crucial role of biofuels in the energy transition is explained in an encyclopedic new book
SDG 2, SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13
The crucial role of biofuels in the energy transition is explained in an encyclopedic new book

Written by two experts on biofuels, Luís Augusto Barbosa Cortez and Frank Rosillo-Calle, the book explores Brazil’s experience and how other countries can learn from it in the context of climate change.


Researcher who transformed soil physics and vadose zone hydrology delivers fifth 2023 FAPESP Lecture
SDG 2
Researcher who transformed soil physics and vadose zone hydrology delivers fifth 2023 FAPESP Lecture

Dutch-born scientist Martinus Theodorus van Genuchten is the author of a famous equation describing the hydraulic conductivity of unsaturated soil. His discoveries are central to agricultural operations and climate science, and he recently won the prestigious Wolf Prize in Agriculture.


Biofungicide based on essential oils developed to combat soybean disease
SDG 2
Biofungicide based on essential oils developed to combat soybean disease

The technology was invented by a FAPESP-supported startup. It consists of a blend of essential oils from various plants, encapsulated in natural polymers that release the biofungicide gradually over a long period.


Tool uses artificial intelligence in support of decisions on actions to combat hunger
SDG 2, SDG 9
Tool uses artificial intelligence in support of decisions on actions to combat hunger

Algorithms developed at the University of São Paulo interpret information from different databases and help identify city areas susceptible to food insecurity.


Leading scholar for a greener agriculture, Mr. Cantarella retires from FAPESP Bioenergy Research Program
SDG 2, SDG 13
Leading scholar for a greener agriculture, Mr. Cantarella retires from FAPESP Bioenergy Research Program

Heitor Cantarella was a member of BIOEN-FAPESP’s steering committee for 14 years. As a researcher at the São Paulo State Institute of Agronomy in Campinas, he has made groundbreaking contributions to efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture.


Precision agriculture produces different winter wines from the same vineyard
SDG 2
Precision agriculture produces different winter wines from the same vineyard

A project conducted by the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA) cross-referenced data from sensors to analyze soil and weather variations in the same vineyard so as to produce different wines and improve water and fertilizer management. Wineries in São Paulo state are already benefiting from the results.


Substitution of tolerant for sensitive species balances ecosystems in agricultural areas, study says
SDG 2, SDG 13
Substitution of tolerant for sensitive species balances ecosystems in agricultural areas, study says

Research conducted in manipulated sugarcane plots showed that small water bodies such as ponds and puddles can contribute to sustainable farming even with environmentally hostile practices.


Interstate collaboration advocates economic alternatives to deforestation in Brazilian Amazon
SDG 2, SDG 12, SDG 13
Interstate collaboration advocates economic alternatives to deforestation in Brazilian Amazon

Strategies for reconciling forest conservation and income generation for families living on Chico Mendes Extractive Reserve in Acre state are the focus of a project in which local scientists are collaborating with colleagues from the states of São Paulo and Pará. The project is part of the Amazon+10 Initiative.


Besides yields, climate change reduces nutritional value of food crops
SDG 2, SDG 13
Besides yields, climate change reduces nutritional value of food crops

The warning was delivered by Marta Vasconcelos, a biologist affiliated with the Portuguese Catholic University, during the third event in the 2023 series of FAPESP Lectures.


Researchers develop a sweet potato with nearly twice as much beta-carotene as the main commercial variety
SDG 2
Researchers develop a sweet potato with nearly twice as much beta-carotene as the main commercial variety

Research groups in São Paulo state and Mozambique analyzed carotenoids in over 1,000 sweet potatoes and found some with 88% more beta-carotene, a precursor of vitamin A.


Managing the food-water-energy nexus to make cities sustainable
SDG 2, SDG 11, SDG 13
Managing the food-water-energy nexus to make cities sustainable

An online event presented the results of five projects selected in a call issued by FAPESP in partnership with the Belmont Forum and JPI Urban Europe.


New center will provide technologies to enhance competitiveness of small and medium farmers
SDG 2, SDG 9
New center will provide technologies to enhance competitiveness of small and medium farmers

Launched on April 11 at a ceremony attended by the Governor of São Paulo state, the Science for Development Center in Digital Agriculture is a collaboration between FAPESP and EMBRAPA, with other institutions. Its remit will be to connect farmers to innovations that cut costs and assure sustainability.


Startup wants to train bees to pollinate coffee more precisely
SDG 2, SDG 12
Startup wants to train bees to pollinate coffee more precisely

As part of a project supported by FAPESP, researchers at a startup called PollinTech are developing a strategy to use to sniffer bees to pollinate coffee crops. The firm took part alongside several other startups in the 22nd PIPE High Tech Entrepreneurship Program hosted by FAPESP to showcase innovative research.


News about research projects funded by FAPESP and articulated with the SDGs: