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FAPESP and the Sustainable Development Goals

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SDG 2 Zero Hunger

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SDG 2 Zero Hunger

Review of more than 1,000 articles seeks to understand how nanomaterials affect plants
SDG 2
Review of more than 1,000 articles seeks to understand how nanomaterials affect plants

The analysis encompassed studies published between 2009 and 2022, highlighting the importance of experiment design.


Study findings can help breeders select beef cattle that gain weight more easily and emit less methane
SDG 2, SDG 13
Study findings can help breeders select beef cattle that gain weight more easily and emit less methane

An investigation conducted in Brazil analyzed all the microorganisms present in the feces of Nelore bulls and found biomarkers that can identify animals with a low-emission, feed-efficient phenotype.


Increase in fish consumption can benefit the health of the population and the economy
SDG 2, SDG 3
Increase in fish consumption can benefit the health of the population and the economy

In partnership with private enterprise and government, scientists in São Paulo state (Brazil) plan to strengthen domestic production and consumption of aquatic products.


Researchers use cellulose to develop slow-release fertilizer and a self-fertilizing propagation pot
SDG 2, SDG 9
Researchers use cellulose to develop slow-release fertilizer and a self-fertilizing propagation pot

Scientists at the Federal University of São Carlos adapted material derived from sugarcane bagasse and papermaking to replace the synthetic polymers available on the market and used by growers. The main aim was to avoid the discharge of non-biodegradable chemicals into the soil.


Fungus simultaneously combats two of the worst threats to banana plantation yields
SDG 2
Fungus simultaneously combats two of the worst threats to banana plantation yields

Brazilian researchers and collaborators found that Beauveria caledonica can be used for biological control of banana borers and Fusarium wilt, which are serious threats to a tropical and subtropical crop of the highest economic importance. The soil fungus supplements traditional banana plantation management strategies.


Brazil has the conditions to assure global food security with sustainability
SDG 2, SDG 10
Brazil has the conditions to assure global food security with sustainability

However, scientific research is essential to take innovation to the countryside and raise yields without increasing deforestation, according to the experts who participated in an online seminar organized by FAPESP and the São Paulo State Academy of Sciences.


Brazilian soybean growers’ use of biofertilizer is highlighted by a leading science journal
SDG 2
Brazilian soybean growers’ use of biofertilizer is highlighted by a leading science journal

According to the article, Brazil has had more success than any other country with the use of biofertilizer to provide nitrogen for soybeans. The inoculation of microorganisms into the soil boosts yields, reduces greenhouse gas emissions and saves some USD 10 billion per year in imports of synthetic fertilizer.


Drone-borne radar detects underground ants’ nests that threaten eucalyptus plantations
SDG 2, SDG 9
Drone-borne radar detects underground ants’ nests that threaten eucalyptus plantations

A startup supported by FAPESP developed the technology, which is being tested by pulp and paper manufacturer Klabin.


Algorithm adapted to Brazilian agriculture can facilitate use of precision irrigation
SDG 2, SDG 9
Algorithm adapted to Brazilian agriculture can facilitate use of precision irrigation

A study conducted at the University of São Paulo showed that management of irrigation with the aid of the algorithm, adjusted on the basis of field data, reduced water and power consumption by 31%. The researchers are now pursuing market validation of the technology.


UN expert advocates innovation to promote efficient land use and combat hunger
SDG 2
UN expert advocates innovation to promote efficient land use and combat hunger

The tenth in the series of events to mark FAPESP’s 60th anniversary featured a keynote presentation by Joachim von Braun, who chaired the Scientific Group for the UN Food systems Summit 2021.


Sustainable soil management and novel inputs help reduce use of mineral fertilizers in agriculture
SDG 2
Sustainable soil management and novel inputs help reduce use of mineral fertilizers in agriculture

Introducing more modern agricultural practices in Brazil could save farmers more than USD 20 billion in coming decades via a reduction in the use of phosphate fertilizer alone, a study by the University of São Paulo shows.


Researchers discover bacteria capable of killing fungus that causes yield-reducing disease in sugarcane
SDG 2
Researchers discover bacteria capable of killing fungus that causes yield-reducing disease in sugarcane

Known as pineapple sett rot, the disease reduces cane budding by up to 50%. Results obtained by scientists in Brazil will bolster the search for biological fungicides that offer an alternative to agrochemicals.


Scientists use biodegradable material to encapsulate fertilizers
SDG 2
Scientists use biodegradable material to encapsulate fertilizers

The strategy was tested at the Federal University of São Carlos and found to permit a reduction in the amount of fertilizer used by farmers, mitigating its environmental impact.


Brazil’s biodiversity law needs to be adapted to the Nagoya Protocol
SDG 2, SDG 10, SDG 12, SDG 13, SDG 17
Brazil’s biodiversity law needs to be adapted to the Nagoya Protocol

The law disciplines Brazil’s actions as a provider but not as a user of genetic resources from other countries, researcher Bráulio Dias noted during an online seminar held by FAPESP.


Technique based on artificial intelligence permits automation of crop seed analysis
SDG 2
Technique based on artificial intelligence permits automation of crop seed analysis

Developed by researchers at the University of São Paulo, the non-invasive methodology facilitates identification of immature or poor-quality seeds without destroying them or creating residues.


Application of potassium to forage grass used as cover crop guarantees higher-quality cotton
SDG 2
Application of potassium to forage grass used as cover crop guarantees higher-quality cotton

In an article published in Scientific Reports, Brazilian researchers show that besides simplifying operational logistics and improving production, fertilization of the grass used as a cover crop can reduce fertilizer use in the long run.


Smart traps monitor caterpillar infestation of crops
SDG 2
Smart traps monitor caterpillar infestation of crops

Startup supported by FAPESP has developed equipment for biological control of pests that affect soybean and cotton production.


Drought favors plant-pathogenic fungi in pasturelands and release of carbon dioxide from the soil
SDG 2, SDG 13
Drought favors plant-pathogenic fungi in pasturelands and release of carbon dioxide from the soil

Researchers at the University of São Paulo conducted field experiments to estimate the impact of drought and rising temperatures on soil quality and plant health.


Large rural properties account for 54% of the environmental deficit in the state of São Paulo
SDG 2, SDG 13
Large rural properties account for 54% of the environmental deficit in the state of São Paulo

The estimate comes from a research project supported by FAPESP to produce scientific input for implementation of Brazil’s new forest code in the state.


Researchers create ingredients to produce food by 3D printing
SDG 2, SDG 3
Researchers create ingredients to produce food by 3D printing

Food engineers in Brazil and France developed gels based on modified starch for use as “ink” to make foods and novel materials by additive manufacturing.


An inventory providing information on more than 200 viruses that infect plants in Brazil
SDG 2
An inventory providing information on more than 200 viruses that infect plants in Brazil

The largest database of plant viruses in Brazil serves as a tool for researchers, growers and policymakers.


Protein involved in corn’s water stress response discovered
SDG 2, SDG 13
Protein involved in corn’s water stress response discovered

The protein, which is involved in the mechanism of the plant’s response to water and thermal stresses and to invasion by fungi, has been named DRIK1. It could help develop drought-resistant plant varieties and products that reduce losses related to climate change.


FAPESP and São Martinho set a center aimed at developing biological control technology for sugarcane
SDG 2, SDG 12
FAPESP and São Martinho set a center aimed at developing biological control technology for sugarcane

The new Engineering Research Center will be hosted by São Paulo State University’s School of Agrarian and Veterinary Sciences in Jaboticabal. Its scientists will also research biotechnology and plant resistance.


Biotechnology could make agriculture climate-resilient
SDG 2
Biotechnology could make agriculture climate-resilient

Studies of food crops such as corn, sugarcane, rice, wheat, soybeans and cocoa, as well as rubber trees, were presented at an event organized by FAPESP and the Japanese agency JST to foster collaboration between researchers from São Paulo State and Japan.


Most complete commercial sugarcane genome sequence has been assembled
SDG 2, SDG 7
Most complete commercial sugarcane genome sequence has been assembled

With FAPESP’s support, researchers have succeeded in mapping 99.1% of the plant’s genes, providing knowledge that will help improve its resistance to disease and increase its biomass yield for fuel or sugar production.


News about research projects funded by FAPESP and articulated with the SDGs: