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FAPESP and the Sustainable Development Goals

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SDG 7 Affordable and Clean Energy

News

SDG 7 Affordable and Clean Energy

Research group plans to map potential for hydrogen production in sugar and ethanol industry
SDG 7
Research group plans to map potential for hydrogen production in sugar and ethanol industry

The goal is to produce sustainable aviation fuel from sugarcane biomass and ethanol.


Review article shows key role of Brazil in research on sugarcane for bioenergy
SDG 7, SDG 13
Review article shows key role of Brazil in research on sugarcane for bioenergy

The study by researchers at the University of São Paulo also shows that genetic engineering techniques need to be improved in order to increase ethanol production without expanding crop acreage, a strategy considered crucial to the effort to cope with climate change.


The crucial role of biofuels in the energy transition is explained in an encyclopedic new book
SDG 2, SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13
The crucial role of biofuels in the energy transition is explained in an encyclopedic new book

Written by two experts on biofuels, Luís Augusto Barbosa Cortez and Frank Rosillo-Calle, the book explores Brazil’s experience and how other countries can learn from it in the context of climate change.


Researchers create formula for first synthetic sugarcane molasses with fully reproducible composition
SDG 7, SDG 9
Researchers create formula for first synthetic sugarcane molasses with fully reproducible composition

The product will pave the way for researchers and food engineers to develop novel industrial processes based on the use of sugarcane molasses. It was tested as a yeast culture medium for ethanol production.


Specialists discuss priorities for energy transition in aviation
SDG 7
Specialists discuss priorities for energy transition in aviation

A seminar hosted by the steering committee for the FAPESP Bioenergy Research Program featured researchers and representatives of the public and private sectors. A rapid and substantial increase in production of sustainable aviation fuels was the option considered most consistent.


Researchers track yeast population dynamics in fuel bioethanol production
SDG 7, SDG 9
Researchers track yeast population dynamics in fuel bioethanol production

A study by researchers at the State University of Campinas and Harvard University shows that despite the presence of invasive strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, all of them belong to the ethanol fermentation environment, keeping the industrial process stable. Their findings can help cut costs and assure better results for producers.


World’s first hydrogen-from-ethanol plant will be built at University of São Paulo
SDG 7, SDG 9, SDG 13
World’s first hydrogen-from-ethanol plant will be built at University of São Paulo

The project is the result of a partnership between FAPESP and Shell and could help make hydrogen a widely used fuel in Brazil. Hydrogen from a pilot plant to be built at USP using Raízen’s ethanol will power buses on the campus.


Novel enzyme could boost sustainable production of aviation fuel
SDG 7, SDG 9
Novel enzyme could boost sustainable production of aviation fuel

A biocatalyst discovered by Brazilian researchers has the potential to increase renewable biofuel output by removing obstacles in technology and production processes, as well as enhancing the manufacturing of bioplastics and biopolymers.


Researchers advance understanding of metabolic processes in fungi essential to 2G ethanol production
SDG 7
Researchers advance understanding of metabolic processes in fungi essential to 2G ethanol production

Scientists at Brazilian Center for Research in Energy and Materials (CNPEM) investigated enzymes produced by two species of fungus used to break down sugarcane bagasse for production of second-generation ethanol. The goal of the project is to increase the efficiency of this process, which currently depends on imported feedstocks.


Biofuels are crucial to the energy transition, but misinformation must be overcome
SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13
Biofuels are crucial to the energy transition, but misinformation must be overcome

The view was expressed by participants in a discussion on “Bioenergy’s major contribution to the energy transition” organized by the FAPESP Bioenergy Research Program.


Conversion of 5% of pastureland to cropland could double biofuel production, study shows
SDG 7, SDG 13
Conversion of 5% of pastureland to cropland could double biofuel production, study shows

The data, referring to Brazil, Argentina, Colombia and Guatemala, was presented by the FAPESP Bioenergy Research Program (BIOEN) during a seminar hosted by the International Energy Agency.


The choices we make in the near future will define the impact of climate change for generations to come
SDG 7, SDG 13
The choices we make in the near future will define the impact of climate change for generations to come

The alert came from scientists who participated in the 10th German-Brazilian Dialogue on Science, Research and Innovation, organized by the German Center for Science and Innovation in São Paulo in partnership with FAPESP.


Researchers at the State University of Campinas cultivate microalgae for biofuel production
SDG 7
Researchers at the State University of Campinas cultivate microalgae for biofuel production

The aim was to compare the effects of different cultivation systems on growth and productivity of the species Botryococcus terribilis. In one experiment, production of lipid and hydrocarbon increased 49% and 29% respectively.


Novel technique developed to obtain key chemical industry input without emitting CO2
SDG 7, SDG 13
Novel technique developed to obtain key chemical industry input without emitting CO2

Hydrogen peroxide is used to sterilize medical equipment, to bleach fabric, pulp and paper, and whiten teeth, among other applications.


Brazilian scientists reveal method of converting methane gas into liquid methanol
SDG 7
Brazilian scientists reveal method of converting methane gas into liquid methanol

The strategy was tested at the Federal University of São Carlos. The conversion took place under ambient temperature and pressure conditions, which could enable methane, a potent greenhouse gas, to be used to produce fuel. The process currently used by the chemical industry consumes large amounts of energy.


Enzymes discovered in capybara gut can accelerate utilization of agroindustrial waste
SDG 7, SDG 9
Enzymes discovered in capybara gut can accelerate utilization of agroindustrial waste

Brazilian researchers discovered, characterized and validated the functions of two novel enzyme families with biotechnological potential.


“Prof. U.E. Stumpf” Engineering Research Center helps orient Stellantis’s decisions on ethanol in Brazil
SDG 7, SDG 9
“Prof. U.E. Stumpf” Engineering Research Center helps orient Stellantis’s decisions on ethanol in Brazil

The automotive giant resulting from the PSA-Fiat Chrysler merger is partnering with FAPESP in this ERC, which is integrated with Stellantis’s global network of science labs.


Citrus canker bacterium can be an ally in biorenewables manufacturing
SDG 7, SDG 9
Citrus canker bacterium can be an ally in biorenewables manufacturing

A study led by Brazilian scientists revealed the biological process used by Xanthomonas to weaken the defenses of plants and discovered a novel class of enzyme that can be used to obtain advanced sugars from agroindustrial waste.


Enzyme from Amazon fungus could enhance efficiency of second-generation ethanol production
SDG 7
Enzyme from Amazon fungus could enhance efficiency of second-generation ethanol production

The molecule described by Brazilian researchers in the journal Scientific Reports acts on different sugars present in several sources of plant biomass, making it attractive to other industries as well.


Duckweed and Amazon shrub reveal potential for bioenergy production
SDG 7
Duckweed and Amazon shrub reveal potential for bioenergy production

Two plants frequently found in the North of Brazil could become alternatives to sugarcane as raw materials for the production of second-generation ethanol and bioelectricity, according to studies by Brazilian researchers.


Drone-borne radar monitors sugarcane growth
SDG 7, SDG 9
Drone-borne radar monitors sugarcane growth

The system, developed by a startup supported by FAPESP, in partnership with researchers at the University of Campinas, helps plantation managers choose the optimal time to harvest the crop.


Expanding the use of waste to generate bioenergy can neutralize greenhouse gas emissions in São Paulo
SDG 7, SDG 9, SDG 13
Expanding the use of waste to generate bioenergy can neutralize greenhouse gas emissions in São Paulo

Agricultural residues already produce 25% of the electricity used by households in the state. The proportion could jump to 70%, according to researchers who took part in an online seminar on the topic.


Startup creates transgenic sugarcane with enhanced pest resistance
SDG 7, SDG 13
Startup creates transgenic sugarcane with enhanced pest resistance

With FAPESP’s support, PangeiaBiotech develops genetically modified varieties of sugarcane that are protected against attacking insects and glyphosate-tolerant.


Brazilian startup exports solutions for hydrogen production
SDG 7, SDG 9
Brazilian startup exports solutions for hydrogen production

With FAPESP’s support, Hytron has developed a containerized solution for hydrogen production via ethanol reforming that eliminates the need for shipping by tanker trucks. The equipment can supply the gas to factories and vehicle service stations.


International Energy Agency will assess Brazil’s policies to promote biofuels
SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13
International Energy Agency will assess Brazil’s policies to promote biofuels

The IEA aims to help countries move the bioenergy agenda forward by identifying bottlenecks, recommending solutions and sharing best practices. The initiative was presented during a conference organized by BIOEN, FAPESP’s bioenergy research program.


News about research projects funded by FAPESP and articulated with the SDGs: