Paulo Artaxo, a professor at the University of São Paulo’s Physics Institute in Brazil, stresses the vital role played by research conducted in Amazonia for a deeper understanding of the global impacts of deforestation and the effects of climate change on the forest.
Researchers are trying to trace the destination of the particles emitted by the burning of biomass and measure the effects of deforestation on the mercury cycle of the Amazon rainforest.
A joint project between Brazilian and French scientists attempts to reconstruct the stages of evolution based on geological sediments analysis; that and other initiatives that look at the challenges of the period known as the Anthropocene were presented at FAPESP Week France.
A study developed in Brazil and presented during FAPESP Week France aims at elucidating the behavior of the so-called aerosols, which have an important influence over climate, agriculture, and human health.
A group of scientists from UNESP wants to investigate why aerosol and ozone particle concentrations in São Paulo did not decrease after the state prohibited burnings; the subjected was highlighted at FAPESP Week France.
International study quantified and characterized charcoal and soot produced by incomplete burning of trees and transported by river to the Atlantic.
Researchers classify 258 protected areas in Brazil as “moderately vulnerable” and 17 as “highly vulnerable”. Areas at greatest risk are in the Amazon, Atlantic Rainforest and Cerrado biomes.
An international group of ecologists contests an article published in Science, which among other controversial statements proposed “reforestation” of the Cerrado, Brazil’s savanna biome.
Paper endorsed by 407 scientists in Brazil estimates the value of ecosystem services linked to nature conservation, such as pollination, pest control and water security.
Reports launched by the Brazilian Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services estimates that forest restoration on this scale would sequester 1.39 million tons of CO2 and increase biodiversity conservation by 200% without adverse impacts on agriculture.
Water shortages cause economic losses for industry and agriculture, among other sectors, as well as damage human health, warns a report issued by the Brazilian Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.
Particles originated in forest fires in the Center-West and North of Brazil interacted with clouds borne by the cold front coming from the south, causing sky and rain to turn to a dark-grey hue.
Vanderlei Martins, a professor at the University of Maryland and former FAPESP grantee, is responsible for the device, developed in partnership with NASA. Martins spoke about the project to the São Paulo School of Advanced Science on Atmospheric Aerosols, which was funded by FAPESP.
An international study with key contributions from Brazilian researchers shows that an endangered species, famed as a “forest gardener,” influences African forest composition in terms of tree species and increases the aboveground biomass over the long term.
Extension of the moratorium to the Brazilian savanna would prevent the loss of 3.6 million hectares of native vegetation that risk being converted into soybean plantations by 2050, according to a study published in Science Advances.
A study analyzing data from almost 30,000 nurses shows that the effects of physical activity throughout life are cumulative. Collaboration between Brazilian and US scientists demonstrates the importance of exercise before adulthood.
Young researchers were trained in environmental planning and protection at a School of Advanced Science supported by FAPESP.
An international research consortium mapped the global distribution of tree-root symbioses with fungi and bacteria that are vital to forest ecosystems. The study was featured on the cover of Nature.
This phenomenon affects cloud production and rainfall, with consequences for the local and global climate, which researchers have warned about in the study published in Nature Communications.
With the aim of enhancing the quality of Brazilian space research output, scientists investigated the accuracy of different satellite data collections.
The decline in biodiversity is a direct result of human activity and represents a grave threat to human well-being according to the first global assessment of the state of nature.
The study shows the advantages of herbicide spraying and intensive fertilization in reforestation programs to mitigate the effects of climate change.
An increase in average temperature may render forage crops more fibrous and poorer in protein content. In the process, cattle will need to consume more food to reach slaughter weight and will produce more methane.
Rapid resprouting and flowering of Bulbostylis paradoxa is proof of the Cerrado biome’s superb resilience and its capacity to evolve through fire.