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FAPESP and the Sustainable Development Goals

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SDG 13 Climate Action

News

SDG 13 Climate Action

Amazon+10 Initiative receives more than BRL 30 million from the United Kingdom
SDG 11, SDG 12, SDG 13
Amazon+10 Initiative receives more than BRL 30 million from the United Kingdom

The funding will be for scientific expeditions under the current call for proposals which is taking applications until April 29, 2024.


Climate intelligence platform supports decision-making by farmers and agroindustry
SDG 2, SDG 9, SDG 13
Climate intelligence platform supports decision-making by farmers and agroindustry

Agrosmart, a startup based in São Paulo state, presented its portfolio of solutions during COP28, the UN Climate Change Conference held in Dubai.


A new map showing all above-ground biomass in the Brazilian Amazon
SDG 13
A new map showing all above-ground biomass in the Brazilian Amazon

The map is derived from a study conducted by researchers at Brazil’s space research institute and collaborators, and combined airborne laser scanning, satellite imagery and forest inventories. The results will support planning, conservation and sustainable management decisions.


Atmospheric pollutants in São Paulo exceeded recommended levels even at the height of the pandemic
SDG 3, SDG 13
Atmospheric pollutants in São Paulo exceeded recommended levels even at the height of the pandemic

Brazilian researchers analyzed air pollution in metropolitan São Paulo in 2019-20 when mobility restrictions and social distancing applied in the southern hemisphere’s largest city. Even so, the daily average exceeded the World Health Organization’s air quality standard on 75 days.


New RIDC will work to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration in agriculture
SDG 2, SDG 13
New RIDC will work to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration in agriculture

The Center for Carbon Research in Tropical Agriculture (CCARBON) is a Research, Innovation and Dissemination Center (RIDC) supported by FAPESP and hosted by the University of São Paulo’s Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture (ESALQ-USP). It was officially launched on November 17 and aims to make food, fiber and energy productivity part of the solution to the climate crisis.


Analysis of carbon cycle during last glacial period can help monitor climate crisis
SDG 13
Analysis of carbon cycle during last glacial period can help monitor climate crisis

A study conducted in Brazil analyzed marine sediments to investigate gas exchanges between the ocean and the atmosphere in the recent past. The researchers concluded that a rise in the temperature of the South Atlantic caused a release of CO2 trapped at the bottom of the Southern Ocean.


FAPESP participates in international summit on poles and glaciers in France
SDG 13, SDG 17
FAPESP participates in international summit on poles and glaciers in France

The One Planet Polar Summit was attended by people from over 40 countries, including researchers, experts, members of business enterprises and nonprofits, and representatives of Indigenous Peoples.


Review article shows key role of Brazil in research on sugarcane for bioenergy
SDG 7, SDG 13
Review article shows key role of Brazil in research on sugarcane for bioenergy

The study by researchers at the University of São Paulo also shows that genetic engineering techniques need to be improved in order to increase ethanol production without expanding crop acreage, a strategy considered crucial to the effort to cope with climate change.


FAPESP and the University of São Paulo are participating in the Ocean Pavilion at COP28 in Dubai
SDG 13, SDG 14
FAPESP and the University of São Paulo are participating in the Ocean Pavilion at COP28 in Dubai

A group of organizations led by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and the University of California San Diego’s Scripps Institution of Oceanography have established an online platform to raise the visibility of the ocean and highlight its importance to climate negotiations and life on the planet.


The crucial role of biofuels in the energy transition is explained in an encyclopedic new book
SDG 2, SDG 7, SDG 12, SDG 13
The crucial role of biofuels in the energy transition is explained in an encyclopedic new book

Written by two experts on biofuels, Luís Augusto Barbosa Cortez and Frank Rosillo-Calle, the book explores Brazil’s experience and how other countries can learn from it in the context of climate change.


El Niño, climate change and deforestation: scientists explain what may lie behind the drought in the Amazon
SDG 13
El Niño, climate change and deforestation: scientists explain what may lie behind the drought in the Amazon

Brazil’s North region is experiencing the worst drought of the century, with severe social and economic impacts. The problem was discussed at an event hosted by FAPESP on October 17.


Plants in the Cerrado combine at least two strategies to survive fire, study shows
SDG 13, SDG 15
Plants in the Cerrado combine at least two strategies to survive fire, study shows

Plant species native to the Brazilian savanna-like biome grow thick bark to protect their internal tissues and hide organs that assure resprouting below the ground, according to an article in Flora by researchers at São Paulo State University.


In 2020, 30% of the Pantanal was burned to cinders by wildfires
SDG 13
In 2020, 30% of the Pantanal was burned to cinders by wildfires

This is one of the findings of a study led by Brazilian scientists and reported in the science journal Fire. The researchers built a model based on images from the SENTINEL-2 satellite and were able to detect burned areas much more accurately.


Study reveals areas of Brazilian Amazon where no ecological research has been done
SDG 13, SDG 14, SDG 15
Study reveals areas of Brazilian Amazon where no ecological research has been done

The findings evidenced high susceptibility to climate change by 2050 in 15%-18% of the areas with the most neglected biodiversity.


Cerrado requires strict protection and rehabilitation of areas to curb deforestation, scientists warn
SDG 13, SDG 15
Cerrado requires strict protection and rehabilitation of areas to curb deforestation, scientists warn

Record levels of destruction of native vegetation in the Brazilian savanna, the second-largest biome in South America, motivated the letter published in Nature Sustainability. The scientists who wrote it stress the need for specific measures to conserve the Cerrado’s rich biodiversity.


Amazon+10 Initiative and CNPq issue new call to support scientific expeditions in the region
SDG 10, SDG 11, SDG 13, SDG 14, SDG 15, SDG 17
Amazon+10 Initiative and CNPq issue new call to support scientific expeditions in the region

Subnational funding agencies and Brazil’s National Scientific Council will partner to allocate almost BRL 60 million to research projects that explore little-known areas of the world’s largest tropical forest.


FAPESP assembles experts to discuss the Amazon during UN Science Summit in New York
SDG 12, SDG 13
FAPESP assembles experts to discuss the Amazon during UN Science Summit in New York

‘Amazon Day: Science for the Amazon’ was held on September 15, during the 78th United Nations General Assembly. Panelists discussed the role of science, technology and innovation in sustainable development for the region.


Climate change may affect 40% of biodiversity in semi-arid portion of Brazil’s Northeast by 2060
SDG 13
Climate change may affect 40% of biodiversity in semi-arid portion of Brazil’s Northeast by 2060

The main impacts for the Caatinga, as the semi-arid biome is known, will be replacement of trees by shrubs and grasses, and a decrease in the overall number of species. The projections are based on the IPCC’s latest report and a database created by Brazilian researchers.


Legal mining sites in Brazil store 2.55 gigatonnes of CO2 in vegetation and soil, study estimates
SDG 12, SDG 13
Legal mining sites in Brazil store 2.55 gigatonnes of CO2 in vegetation and soil, study estimates

Researchers at the University of São Paulo highlight the importance of monitoring these areas and advocate the use of technosols based on tailings and other waste to offset part of their emissions.


A new system for predicting fire propagation in the Cerrado in quasi-real time
SDG 13, SDG 15
A new system for predicting fire propagation in the Cerrado in quasi-real time

Available free of charge on the internet, the platform simulates fire propagation in the savanna biome three times a day and is in use in nine conservation units.


Leading scholar for a greener agriculture, Mr. Cantarella retires from FAPESP Bioenergy Research Program
SDG 2, SDG 13
Leading scholar for a greener agriculture, Mr. Cantarella retires from FAPESP Bioenergy Research Program

Heitor Cantarella was a member of BIOEN-FAPESP’s steering committee for 14 years. As a researcher at the São Paulo State Institute of Agronomy in Campinas, he has made groundbreaking contributions to efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture.


World’s first hydrogen-from-ethanol plant will be built at University of São Paulo
SDG 7, SDG 9, SDG 13
World’s first hydrogen-from-ethanol plant will be built at University of São Paulo

The project is the result of a partnership between FAPESP and Shell and could help make hydrogen a widely used fuel in Brazil. Hydrogen from a pilot plant to be built at USP using Raízen’s ethanol will power buses on the campus.


A cost-benefit analysis of green roofs in Brazil and South Africa
SDG 11, SDG 13
A cost-benefit analysis of green roofs in Brazil and South Africa

A model developed by a cross-border collaboration including Brazilian researchers could help decision-makers assess the real impact of green roofs on the urban food-water-energy nexus.


Tropical forest regeneration offsets 26% of carbon emissions due to deforestation and degradation
SDG 13
Tropical forest regeneration offsets 26% of carbon emissions due to deforestation and degradation

A study published in Nature and led by scientists at Brazil’s National Space Research Institute (INPE) and Bristol University in the UK describes a novel methodology for calculating the carbon absorption capacity of recovering areas in the Amazon, Congo and Borneo, which contain the world’s largest tropical rainforests. Together these areas remove at least 107 million metric tons from the atmosphere every year.


Novel socio-environmental vulnerability index pinpoints sustainability issues in Brazilian river basins
SDG 11, SDG 13
Novel socio-environmental vulnerability index pinpoints sustainability issues in Brazilian river basins

The innovative approach highlights vulnerability to deforestation, fire and drought, as well as poverty. The results can help formulate public policies for sustainable development.


News about research projects funded by FAPESP and articulated with the SDGs: