Fapesp

FAPESP and the Sustainable Development Goals

News

SDG 14 Life Below Water

News

SDG 14 Life Below Water

Contamination by metals can increase metabolic stress in mussels
SDG 14
Contamination by metals can increase metabolic stress in mussels

The animals' response may be a sign of ecosystem imbalance. Experiments performed on six beaches of Brazil’s Southeast Region showed that the mussels' activity intensifies when they are exposed to metallic contaminants in seawater.


Unexpected pattern of fish species richness found in the Amazon Basin
SDG 14
Unexpected pattern of fish species richness found in the Amazon Basin

International collaboration results in largest-ever inventory of Amazon fish fauna. Data will help estimate the risk of impacts related to the construction of dams and waterways as well as deforestation, mining and climate change.


A new species of electric eel produces the highest voltage discharge of any known animal
SDG 14
A new species of electric eel produces the highest voltage discharge of any known animal

An article published in Nature Communications shows that three species of electric eel exist, not just one as previously described, and that one of them produces an electric shock up to 860 volts. The researchers were funded by FAPESP, the Smithsonian and National Geographic.


DNA analysis reveals the presence of endangered species in fishery catch and bycatch
SDG 12, SDG 14
DNA analysis reveals the presence of endangered species in fishery catch and bycatch

Over half of the rays and skates caught in Brazil belong to protected species, a DNA barcoding study shows.


Researchers identify genes linked to sex differentiation in giant Amazon fish
SDG 14
Researchers identify genes linked to sex differentiation in giant Amazon fish

Discoveries by Brazilian and German researchers may facilitate early sexing of pirarucu (arapaima) and its reproduction in captivity while also paving the way for genetic improvement.


Tube anemone has the largest animal mitochondrial genome ever sequenced
SDG 14
Tube anemone has the largest animal mitochondrial genome ever sequenced

Discovery by Brazilian and US researchers could change the classification of two species, which appear more akin to jellyfish than was thought.


Freshwater stingray venom varies according to sex and age
SDG 14
Freshwater stingray venom varies according to sex and age

A study by the FAPESP-funded Research, Innovation and Dissemination Center shows that toxins produced by young female stingrays cause more pain, whereas toxins produced by adult stingrays cause tissue necrosis.


Species extinction is accelerating at an unprecedented rate, warns IPBES report
SDG 13, SDG 14, SDG 15
Species extinction is accelerating at an unprecedented rate, warns IPBES report

The decline in biodiversity is a direct result of human activity and represents a grave threat to human well-being according to the first global assessment of the state of nature.


Brazilian and Australian researchers estimate the impact of gold panning on the Madeira River
SDG 14, SDG 15
Brazilian and Australian researchers estimate the impact of gold panning on the Madeira River

Although artisanal mining has declined in the region, it continues to account for high levels of mercury in the largest tributary of the Amazon, according to a study supported by FAPESP’s SPRINT program.


Rio Grande Rise may have been a volcanic island
SDG 14
Rio Grande Rise may have been a volcanic island

Brazilian and British researchers have found evidence that part of the seabed in the Southwestern Atlantic may have been created and submerged by volcanic lava eruptions.


Reconstruction of trilobite ancestral range
SDG 14
Reconstruction of trilobite ancestral range

Brazilian researchers used biogeographic analysis to study trilobites, arthropods that became extinct over 252 million years ago. The study was published in Scientific Reports.


News about research projects funded by FAPESP and articulated with the SDGs: