Fapesp

FAPESP and the Sustainable Development Goals

News

Research funded by FAPESP aligned with the SDGs

News

Research funded by FAPESP aligned with the SDGs

Nanoparticles containing natural substance treat visceral leishmaniasis with scant side effects
SDG 3
Nanoparticles containing natural substance treat visceral leishmaniasis with scant side effects

In animal tests conducted at São Paulo State University (UNESP), the strategy reduced spleen and liver parasite numbers by 99.9%.


Study highlights importance of genetic sequencing to diagnosis of growth disorders
SDG 3
Study highlights importance of genetic sequencing to diagnosis of growth disorders

Researchers at the University of São Paulo analyzed data from 115 children who suffered from conditions considered syndromic (with several associated symptoms) and found a high incidence of overlapping genetic alterations. They argue that identification of genetic mutations can make diagnosis and treatment more accurate.


Rare case of opossum infected by rabies sounds alarm regarding circulation of this virus in urban environments
SDG 3
Rare case of opossum infected by rabies sounds alarm regarding circulation of this virus in urban environments

The opossum was found dead in a park in the center of Campinas, a large city in São Paulo state (Brazil), with the same viral variant as fruit-eating bats. These mammals are regularly detected in cities, where they are often attacked by dogs, so they can be considered sentinel species for infectious disease surveillance.


An important molecular pathway for control of aging is discovered
SDG 3
An important molecular pathway for control of aging is discovered

Through experiments in roundworms of the species C. elegans, scientists at a FAPESP-supported research center showed that lifespan is reduced when RNA transfer between cells in different tissues is dysregulated.


Entrepreneurship on the periphery: between precarious work and the search for a meaningful life
SDG 8
Entrepreneurship on the periphery: between precarious work and the search for a meaningful life

A study conducted in a poor suburb of São Paulo city (Brazil) analyzed how low-income communities deal with the hardships deriving from the economic crisis that began in 2014 and worsened during the pandemic.


Discoveries can be used to optimize production of annatto powder
Discoveries can be used to optimize production of annatto powder

A study by Brazilian researchers shows that the pigment is present not only in the seeds but also in other organs of Bixa orellana, the Annatto tree. They investigated the genetic pathways involved in synthesis of the substance.


Overconsumption of fructose by parents increases risk of cardiometabolic disease in offspring, study shows
SDG 3
Overconsumption of fructose by parents increases risk of cardiometabolic disease in offspring, study shows

Blood pressure rose in offspring born to high-fructose rats, and physiological regulation of their cardiovascular system was impaired. High-fructose syrup is widely used as a sweetener by the food and beverage industry.


In the Cerrado, crop diversification has beneficial effects on wildlife and reduces the presence of boars
SDG 2, SDG 12, SDG 13
In the Cerrado, crop diversification has beneficial effects on wildlife and reduces the presence of boars

Considered an invasive species, Sus scrofa causes damage to farmers in an important part of Brazil’s savanna-like biome. The researchers analyzed 55 landscapes in São Paulo state, observing larger numbers of native mammals in areas with well-conserved vegetation and diversified crops, while native species richness was far lower in areas of monoculture.


Prior zika infection increases risk of subsequent severe dengue and hospitalization, study concludes
SDG 3
Prior zika infection increases risk of subsequent severe dengue and hospitalization, study concludes

A study led by Brazilian researchers suggests that the mechanism that exacerbates dengue infection following a case of zika differs from that acting on second-time dengue patients. The finding is relevant to the development of a zika vaccine.


Scientists discover that a protein associated with neurodegenerative diseases is also linked to childhood brain cancer
SDG 3
Scientists discover that a protein associated with neurodegenerative diseases is also linked to childhood brain cancer

A study conducted at a FAPESP-supported research center discovered a link between the protein VAPB and tumor cell proliferation in medulloblastoma, one of the most common and aggressive brain tumors in children.


United Kingdom, Switzerland and Germany join new call for proposals issued by Amazon+10 Initiative
SDG 11, SDG 13, SDG 14, SDG 15, SDG 17
United Kingdom, Switzerland and Germany join new call for proposals issued by Amazon+10 Initiative

With the new contributions from abroad, the Scientific Expeditions call, issued in partnership with the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development, now has a fund totaling some BRL 94 million.


Study demonstrates antitumor action of substance present in Brazilian green propolis
SDG 3
Study demonstrates antitumor action of substance present in Brazilian green propolis

The analysis compared the effects of artepillin C on healthy cells and cancer cells, as well as the effects on its efficacy of variations in the medium’s pH.


Startup achieves success with machine that produces thin films from soluble materials with many applications
SDG 9
Startup achieves success with machine that produces thin films from soluble materials with many applications

The startup has been supported by FAPESP since its foundation in 2020. The device can be used to make film for perovskite solar cells, biomaterials for wound dressings and tissue regeneration, and novel drug and cosmetic delivery systems.


Study reveals mechanism that aggravates tuberculosis and reduces survival rates
SDG 3
Study reveals mechanism that aggravates tuberculosis and reduces survival rates

CD4+ T cells play an important role in the immune response to pulmonary infections, but excessive amounts can damage the lungs. In experiments with mice, researchers at the University of São Paulo discovered what leads to this exacerbated response.


Butantan Institute’s dengue vaccine protects 79.6% of those vaccinated, study shows
SDG 3
Butantan Institute’s dengue vaccine protects 79.6% of those vaccinated, study shows

Data from the Phase 3 clinical trial was published on February 1st in The New England Journal of Medicine. The vaccine is safe for both participants who have had dengue and those who have never been exposed to the virus before.


FAPESP signs agreement with China-Latin America and Caribbean Technology Transfer Center
SDG 17
FAPESP signs agreement with China-Latin America and Caribbean Technology Transfer Center

The aim is to foster scientific and technological collaboration between researchers affiliated with the Chinese entity and colleagues at universities and research institutions in São Paulo state.


Brazilian researcher helps describe a novel species of jellyfish discovered in a remote location in Japan
SDG 14
Brazilian researcher helps describe a novel species of jellyfish discovered in a remote location in Japan

André Morandini, Director of the University of São Paulo’s Center for Marine Biology, was on the team that has published a description of a rare medusa found at a depth of 812 meters. The animal has been sighted only twice in a deep-sea volcanic structure called Sumisu Caldera, in the Ogasawara Islands.


Method combines artificial intelligence and satellite imagery to map crop-livestock integration systems
SDG 2, SDG 13
Method combines artificial intelligence and satellite imagery to map crop-livestock integration systems

The study, which was conducted by Brazilian researchers, supports sustainable agriculture and offers contributions to public policy formulation.


Study shows that Rio Grande Rise was once a giant mineral-rich tropical island near Brazil
SDG 14
Study shows that Rio Grande Rise was once a giant mineral-rich tropical island near Brazil

This part of the seafloor in the South Atlantic is rich in cobalt, nickel and lithium, as well as tellurium and other rare earths critical to the energy transition. The scientists plan to continue research on its natural processes as a contribution to prospecting efforts.


Biodegradable sensor monitors levels of pesticides via direct contact with surface of fruit and vegetables
SDG 3, SDG 12
Biodegradable sensor monitors levels of pesticides via direct contact with surface of fruit and vegetables

Developed by a team of Brazilian researchers, the device is made of plant-based material with little environmental impact, and detects pesticides in a few minutes, helping to certify food safety.


Cancer: mortality is higher among Black people in Barretos (São Paulo state, Brazil) and among White people in São Paulo city
SDG 3, SDG 10
Cancer: mortality is higher among Black people in Barretos (São Paulo state, Brazil) and among White people in São Paulo city

In 18 cities of the Barretos region, where the proportion of Black people in the population is smaller, cancer kills more members of this ethnic group, whereas in the capital of the same state, it kills more White people, according to a study that compares cancer mortality rates and points to ways of reducing inequalities in diagnosis and treatment.


System based on Brazilian technology monitors industrial networks
SDG 9
System based on Brazilian technology monitors industrial networks

The platform, developed by a company based in São Carlos (São Paulo state, Brazil) and supported by FAPESP, is able to predict and permit correction of failures in order to avoid unplanned factory production line downtime.


Novel material facilitates measurement of concrete deterioration in buildings and other structures
SDG 9, SDG 12
Novel material facilitates measurement of concrete deterioration in buildings and other structures

The material is a compound similar to clay and enables inspectors to carry out in-situ assessment of structural conditions in buildings, bridges, dams and other structures without having to drill for samples and analyze them in a laboratory.


FAPESP signs scientific and technological cooperation agreement with University of French Guiana
SDG 17
FAPESP signs scientific and technological cooperation agreement with University of French Guiana

The two parties are interested in collaborative research on sustainable use of biodiversity in the Amazon, prevention of transmissible and chronic diseases, and sustainable construction, among other subjects.


Applications are open for the São Paulo School of Advanced Science on Quantum Materials
Applications are open for the São Paulo School of Advanced Science on Quantum Materials

The event will take place on July 16-26 at the University of São Paulo’s Physics Institute, for 100 graduate students and/or young researchers, half from Brazil and half from other countries.


News about research projects funded by FAPESP and articulated with the SDGs: