Fapesp

FAPESP and the Sustainable Development Goals

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Research funded by FAPESP aligned with the SDGs

News

Research funded by FAPESP aligned with the SDGs

A portable sensor for self-testing of urine to detect markers of diseases such as cancer, gout and Parkinson’s
SDG 3
A portable sensor for self-testing of urine to detect markers of diseases such as cancer, gout and Parkinson’s

Developed by Brazilian scientists, the device connects wirelessly to a smartphone and can be used to monitor general health.


Brazilian scientists are set to look for vestiges of the last Neanderthals in Romania
Brazilian scientists are set to look for vestiges of the last Neanderthals in Romania

The mission, which will be led by archeologist and anthropologist Walter Neves, aims to understand how the Neanderthals interacted with Homo sapiens, and why they disappeared.


Proteins modified in lungs offer clues to biological functions of bromine
Proteins modified in lungs offer clues to biological functions of bromine

Researchers at a FAPESP-supported research center showed that the addition of bromine to extracellular matrix proteins is a physiological modification dependent on the enzyme peroxidasin – the study extends knowledge of the scope of this enzyme’s activity in the mammalian organism.


FAPESP, São Paulo State Government and German university THI sign cooperation agreement
SDG 17
FAPESP, São Paulo State Government and German university THI sign cooperation agreement

The aim is to fund bilateral projects in the field of artificial intelligence, focusing on mobility, energy and security.


Jaboticaba peel reduces inflammation and controls blood sugar in people with metabolic syndrome
SDG 3
Jaboticaba peel reduces inflammation and controls blood sugar in people with metabolic syndrome

In a study with 49 participants, researchers at the State University of Campinas found that daily consumption of a dietary supplement containing 15 g of the substance for five weeks improved glucose metabolism even after meals.


Novel technique can improve quality of animal embryos produced in vitro
SDG 9
Novel technique can improve quality of animal embryos produced in vitro

Researchers at a startup supported by FAPESP have developed a material that mimics conditions in the uterus and could result in a 32% rise in bovine embryo production.


Drought in the Cerrado (Neotropical savanna) is the worst for at least seven centuries, study shows
SDG 13
Drought in the Cerrado (Neotropical savanna) is the worst for at least seven centuries, study shows

Chemical analysis of stalagmites in the Peruaçu Caves National Park showed that global warming has disrupted the hydrological cycle in Brazil’s central region, making a significant proportion of any rain that falls evaporate before it can penetrate the soil.


Inflammation during pregnancy can cause cleft lip in individuals with a genetic predisposition
SDG 3
Inflammation during pregnancy can cause cleft lip in individuals with a genetic predisposition

Through experiments with human cells and animals, researchers from the University of São Paulo and collaborators have shown how gene-environment interactions during the craniofacial development of the embryo can lead to malformations.


Plasma treatment of semiconductor films can improve hydrogen production
SDG 7, SDG 9
Plasma treatment of semiconductor films can improve hydrogen production

In an experiment resulting from collaboration between two FAPESP-supported research centers, a material was modified for use in solar-driven water splitting to produce hydrogen.


Bruxism is frequently observed in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder
SDG 3
Bruxism is frequently observed in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder

This study was conducted at the University of São Paulo and published in Clinical Oral Investigations; the authors emphasize the importance of collaboration between dentists and psychiatrists to improve diagnosis and treatment.


São Paulo School of Advanced Science presents innovative approach to environmental issues
SDG 11, SDG 13, SDG 17
São Paulo School of Advanced Science presents innovative approach to environmental issues

Focus on transdisciplinarity aims to foster participation by all stakeholders in efforts to address global change. The subject was front and center at an event held in April 2024 at a historic town in São Paulo state.


Researchers conduct first-ever study to characterize microbiota in saliva of weaned piglets on commercial farms in Brazil
SDG 9, SDG 12
Researchers conduct first-ever study to characterize microbiota in saliva of weaned piglets on commercial farms in Brazil

Results show that oral fluid bacteria differ from fecal and environmental bacteria. Identification of these microorganisms can help diagnose infectious diseases and improve pork production.


Aerobic exercise performed in the evening benefits elderly hypertensives more than morning exercise
SDG 3
Aerobic exercise performed in the evening benefits elderly hypertensives more than morning exercise

A study conducted at the University of São Paulo with 23 volunteers found that only evening training regulated baroreflex sensitivity, a mechanism that compensates for abrupt changes in blood pressure.


A startup supported by FAPESP is conducting one of the largest studies on Huntington’s disease
SDG 3, SDG 9
A startup supported by FAPESP is conducting one of the largest studies on Huntington’s disease

BioDecision has developed a methodology that combines RNA sequencing and big data to offer the pharmaceutical industry molecular targets of interest for treatment of the disease.


In a reservoir in Southeast Brazil, introduction of a fish native to the Amazon has reduced native species diversity
SDG 14
In a reservoir in Southeast Brazil, introduction of a fish native to the Amazon has reduced native species diversity

Since 2001, when it was first recorded in the Jaguarai reservoir in São Paulo state, the Silver croaker (Plagioscion squamosissimus) has established and increased its population in the Paraíba do Sul Basin to the detriment of native fish species.


World experts create document on AI capabilities and risks
SDG 9
World experts create document on AI capabilities and risks

Director of the Institute of Mathematical and Computer Sciences at the University of São Paulo collaborates with work developed in the UK to guide governments.


RCGI joins Shell’s energy transition center in the Netherlands
SDG 7, SDG 17
RCGI joins Shell’s energy transition center in the Netherlands

The new office is expected to serve as a research hub for the Research Center for Greenhouse Gas Innovation in Europe, fostering international partnerships.


Third 2024 FAPESP Lecture discusses training of physician-scientists in the United States
SDG 3
Third 2024 FAPESP Lecture discusses training of physician-scientists in the United States

The lecture was delivered by Antonio Bianco, a professor of medicine at the University of Chicago who has won several awards for research in the thyroid field.


Laser printing on fallen tree leaves produces sensors for medical and laboratory use
SDG 12
Laser printing on fallen tree leaves produces sensors for medical and laboratory use

Leaf cellulose is converted by pyrolysis to graphite, which is printed in the right shape for the surface to function as a sensor. Tests to determine concentrations of dopamine and paracetamol confirmed that the sensor performed successfully.


Study focusing on primary care seeks to improve diagnosis and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
SDG 3, SDG 17
Study focusing on primary care seeks to improve diagnosis and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

The project, conducted by researchers affiliated with the University of São Paulo in Brazil and the University of Birmingham in the UK, was one of 15 presented at an event held to celebrate the partnership between the British institution and FAPESP. It also marked the launch of the University of Birmingham Brazil Institute, whose mission is to bolster UK-Brazil research collaboration.


Almost 30% of children and adolescents experience pain in muscles, bones or ligaments, study shows
SDG 3
Almost 30% of children and adolescents experience pain in muscles, bones or ligaments, study shows

A survey conducted in Brazil provides an overview of musculoskeletal pain in the very young. Back pain and leg pain were the most frequent complaints among 2,688 volunteers aged 12 on average.


Brazilian startup designs self-flying aerial vehicle for crop spraying
SDG 9
Brazilian startup designs self-flying aerial vehicle for crop spraying

The firm is supported by FAPESP and is developing an autonomous helicopter capable of spraying crops on steep hillsides.


Loss of large herbivores affects interactions between plants and their natural enemies, study shows
SDG 15
Loss of large herbivores affects interactions between plants and their natural enemies, study shows

Researchers in Brazil compared leaf damage caused by insects and pathogens in areas with and without the presence of mammals such as tapirs, deer and peccaries. Absence of the animals led to loss of microorganisms that cause leaf disease, potentially affecting long-term eco-evolutionary processes and reducing biodiversity in tropical forests.


In Brazil, 76% of deforestation in three Amazonian states occurred in a planned agricultural development zone
SDG 2, SDG 13
In Brazil, 76% of deforestation in three Amazonian states occurred in a planned agricultural development zone

The researchers showed that pressure has intensified since the 2018 announcement of a plan to create a development zone where the states of Amazonas, Acre and Rondônia meet.


Educational game raises awareness among young people about measures to combat dengue fever
SDG 4
Educational game raises awareness among young people about measures to combat dengue fever

Game challenges the player to find and eliminate all Aedes aegypti mosquito hotspots.


News about research projects funded by FAPESP and articulated with the SDGs: