Fapesp

FAPESP and the Sustainable Development Goals

News

Research funded by FAPESP aligned with the SDGs

News

Research funded by FAPESP aligned with the SDGs

Risk of urban tree falls is influenced by building height and neighborhood age, Brazilian study shows
SDG 11
Risk of urban tree falls is influenced by building height and neighborhood age, Brazilian study shows

Research conducted in São Paulo, the largest city in the southern hemisphere, also found sidewalk width and tree height to be key factors. The results will be used in tree management and urban planning.


Study reveals main target of SARS-CoV-2 in brain and describes effects of virus on nervous system
SDG 3
Study reveals main target of SARS-CoV-2 in brain and describes effects of virus on nervous system

Research by groups at the University of São Paulo and the State University of Campinas combined MRI scans of the brains of mild COVID-19 patients, analysis of brain tissue from people who died of the disease and experiments on human nerve cells infected in the laboratory.


Novel method to predict behavior of different COVID-19 waves in the vaccinated or previously infected
SDG 3
Novel method to predict behavior of different COVID-19 waves in the vaccinated or previously infected

A study published in the journal Vaccines used samples from blood banks in seven Brazilian state capitals to measure levels of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and the extent to which vaccines afford protection against the delta variant.


Indiscriminate tree planting destroys grasslands and savannas instead of restoring them, scientists warn
SDG 13, SDG 15
Indiscriminate tree planting destroys grasslands and savannas instead of restoring them, scientists warn

In a special issue of the journal Science, some of the leading experts on the subject argue that rehabilitating degraded areas requires more complex solutions that take the biome’s specificities into account.


Amazonia was densely populated in the past and human action has shaped the present-day forest
SDG 10, SDG 11
Amazonia was densely populated in the past and human action has shaped the present-day forest

Eduardo Góes Neves, an archeologist at the University of São Paulo, sets out this and other findings of 15 years of research in a book for non-specialists.


Protein restriction can be effective in combating obesity and diabetes, study suggests
SDG 3
Protein restriction can be effective in combating obesity and diabetes, study suggests

Twenty-one patients with metabolic syndrome were given a calorie or protein restriction diet in a randomized clinical trial by Brazilian and Danish researchers. Weight loss, controlled blood pressure and improved blood sugar and lipid levels were observed in all participants.


Diabetes is the variable that most affects the number of deaths from heart attack
SDG 3
Diabetes is the variable that most affects the number of deaths from heart attack

A study by Brazilian researchers analyzed risk factors and found that reducing smoking prevented most deaths from cardiovascular disease, while high blood sugar had the most significant impact on mortality.


Researchers identify molecular mechanisms leading to zika-associated microcephaly
SDG 3
Researchers identify molecular mechanisms leading to zika-associated microcephaly

Proteomic analysis suggests zika virus causes alterations in the expression of proteins linked to the metabolism of developing neural cells, and proteins associated with the maturation of oligodendrocytes.


Study shows potential of Southern cattail for phytoremediation of areas contaminated by mine tailings
SDG 6
Study shows potential of Southern cattail for phytoremediation of areas contaminated by mine tailings

Researchers at the University of São Paulo and collaborators showed that the aquatic plant can scavenge up to 34 times more manganese from contaminated soil than other plants found in similar environments.


Scientists use modified yeast to produce xylitol sweetener from sugarcane straw
SDG 9
Scientists use modified yeast to produce xylitol sweetener from sugarcane straw

Researchers at the State University of Campinas have edited the genome of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the brewer’s yeast used to produce ethanol, so that it converts xylose into xylitol. The strategy can add value to the ethanol industry and meet demand for a healthier sweetener.


Researchers identify neurons that specialize in remembering speed and location
SDG 3
Researchers identify neurons that specialize in remembering speed and location

The study involved the use of biosensors, algorithms and open-source software to build a miniature microscope. The findings contribute to a better understanding of how our brains track and retain information about routes and learn new locations.


Study quantifies impact of human activity on Atlantic Rainforest’s carbon storage capacity
SDG 13
Study quantifies impact of human activity on Atlantic Rainforest’s carbon storage capacity

Conservation of CO2 stocks in the biome is highly affected by forest degradation, which could lead to at least 30% higher emissions than those produced by climate change. The warning comes from a paper by Brazilian scientists published in Science Advances.


Brazil has two populations of American bullfrogs, an exotic species that transmits a deadly fungus
SDG 15
Brazil has two populations of American bullfrogs, an exotic species that transmits a deadly fungus

Genetic analysis of Aquarana catesbeiana, a species that originally came from North America and is now found in nine Brazilian states, shows that the lineage introduced in 1935 prevails in both captive and feral bullfrogs. Law enforcement to maintain sanitary standards is difficult. The invaders prey on native amphibians and transmit diseases to them.


Novel technique helps discover whether bacteria that cause meningitis are resistant to antibiotics
SDG 3
Novel technique helps discover whether bacteria that cause meningitis are resistant to antibiotics

The results of a study conducted by Brazilian researchers will be useful both for epidemiological surveillance and to improve the treatment available to patients. An article on the study is published in PLOS ONE.


Artificial intelligence for more efficient public spending audits
SDG 9
Artificial intelligence for more efficient public spending audits

A startup supported by FAPESP has developed software to process legal cases, winning an important order from Brazil’s federal court of auditors.


Fungal infections increase mortality among hospitalized COVID-19 patients worldwide
SDG 3
Fungal infections increase mortality among hospitalized COVID-19 patients worldwide

An international group of scientists presents this conclusion in an article in Nature Microbiology, warning that novel antifungal medications are urgently.


The central role of the alphabetical writing system in the colonization of America
SDG 10, SDG 13
The central role of the alphabetical writing system in the colonization of America

The topic was discussed by French historian Serge Gruzinski in a lecture delivered at the FAPESP 60 Years School in Humanities, Social Sciences and Arts.


Poverty reduction does not always mean less inequality, experts argue
SDG 10
Poverty reduction does not always mean less inequality, experts argue

This and related issues were discussed by Martin Ravallion from Georgetown University and Marcelo Medeiros from Columbia University (USA) during the 13th FAPESP 60 Years Conference.


Toll tag technology is repurposed for use in wildlife monitoring
SDG 9, SDG 15
Toll tag technology is repurposed for use in wildlife monitoring

The system is being developed by a Brazilian startup supported by FAPESP and can be used by biologists in scientific research, by NGOs to track endangered species, and by environmental consultants.


Modern techniques optimize search for natural products and development of treatment for AIDS and COVID-19
SDG 3
Modern techniques optimize search for natural products and development of treatment for AIDS and COVID-19

The topic was discussed on August 9 by Barry O’Keefe of the US National Cancer Institute during the FAPESP 60 Years School on Exact, Natural and Life Sciences. The other speakers on the second day of the event were José Nelson Onuchic of Rice University and Virgilio Almeida of the Federal University of Minas Gerais.


Older people with anemia and weak muscles face higher risk of dying
SDG 3
Older people with anemia and weak muscles face higher risk of dying

The combination is particularly dangerous for women, according to a study by researchers in Brazil and the UK who analyzed data for 5,310 people aged 50+ followed in a ten-year health survey.


Study reveals mechanism involved in rare pediatric brain cancer and points to possible treatment
SDG 3
Study reveals mechanism involved in rare pediatric brain cancer and points to possible treatment

The type of ependymoma studied mainly affects children, has a low survival rate and has no specific chemotherapeutic treatment. A combination of two experimental drugs inhibited tumor growth in vitro.


‘In addition to emission cuts, we must adapt to a planet that’s 3 to 5 degrees warmer,’ scientist urges
SDG 13
‘In addition to emission cuts, we must adapt to a planet that’s 3 to 5 degrees warmer,’ scientist urges

The need to adapt was emphasized by Guy Brasseur, director of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Nobel Peace Laureate in 2007, and keynote speaker on the last day of the FAPESP 60 Years School.


New telescope will detect most energetic form of radiation in universe
SDG 9
New telescope will detect most energetic form of radiation in universe

Astronomers from Brazil, Italy and South Africa have begun installing the first of nine telescopes sensitive to gamma rays on Tenerife in Spain’s Canary Islands.


Mathematical model identifies bats as most probable hosts for SARS-CoV-2
SDG 3
Mathematical model identifies bats as most probable hosts for SARS-CoV-2

Researchers at the University of São Paulo in Brazil fed data for different coronaviruses into a machine learning model. The results reinforced the role of flying mammals as the first reservoirs of the virus that caused the COVID-19 pandemic. The tool can be used in future emergencies.


News about research projects funded by FAPESP and articulated with the SDGs: