Fapesp

FAPESP and the Sustainable Development Goals

News

Research funded by FAPESP aligned with the SDGs

News

Research funded by FAPESP aligned with the SDGs

Nanoparticles with antibacterial action shorten duration of tuberculosis treatment
SDG 3
Nanoparticles with antibacterial action shorten duration of tuberculosis treatment

Researchers at São Paulo State University tested the action of nanoparticles loaded with antibiotics and other antimicrobial compounds on cells infected by the bacillus that causes tuberculosis. The results suggest the strategy can overcome multidrug bacterial resistance.


Brazilian researchers report detailed analysis of heart injury caused by yellow fever virus
SDG 3
Brazilian researchers report detailed analysis of heart injury caused by yellow fever virus

The study is the first-ever demonstration of the anatomical substrate for the cardiac arrhythmias that occur in human yellow fever.


Atmospheric pollutants in São Paulo exceeded recommended levels even at the height of the pandemic
SDG 3, SDG 13
Atmospheric pollutants in São Paulo exceeded recommended levels even at the height of the pandemic

Brazilian researchers analyzed air pollution in metropolitan São Paulo in 2019-20 when mobility restrictions and social distancing applied in the southern hemisphere’s largest city. Even so, the daily average exceeded the World Health Organization’s air quality standard on 75 days.


Gut-skin connection is key factor in atopic dermatitis, research review shows
SDG 3
Gut-skin connection is key factor in atopic dermatitis, research review shows

A review article by Brazilian researchers lists recent discoveries on this chronic inflammatory skin disease, which affects around 10% of adults and 25% of children.


Photodynamic action weakens resistance to antibiotics in bacteria that attack airways
SDG 3
Photodynamic action weakens resistance to antibiotics in bacteria that attack airways

A study conducted at the University of São Paulo’s Optics and Photonics Research Center in Brazil showed a change in the bacterium’s sensitivity after five applications.


Embedding nanodiamonds in polymer can advance quantum computing and biological studies
SDG 9
Embedding nanodiamonds in polymer can advance quantum computing and biological studies

Researchers at the University of São Paulo’s São Carlos Institute of Physics developed the technique, which can be used in information processing and cell marking, among many other applications.


The art of Rosana Paulino lays bare the trauma of slavery in Brazil
SDG 10
The art of Rosana Paulino lays bare the trauma of slavery in Brazil

The artist outlined her life’s work in the Eighth FAPESP 2023 Lecture, which was entitled “Roots that emerge: interweavings of art and science”.


Study paves way for development of advanced quantum networks
SDG 9
Study paves way for development of advanced quantum networks

This research carried out at the State University of Campinas focused on the use of nanometric optomechanical cavities as bridges between superconducting circuits and optical fibers, with applications in computing and quantum communications.


Artificial intelligence applied to drone imagery helps improve agricultural productivity
SDG 2, SDG 9
Artificial intelligence applied to drone imagery helps improve agricultural productivity

A Brazilian startup’s AI algorithms detect infestations, classify weeds and produce localized spraying files.


Long COVID is linked to persistent damage to mitochondria, the ‘powerhouses’ of our cells
SDG 3
Long COVID is linked to persistent damage to mitochondria, the ‘powerhouses’ of our cells

Infection by SARS-CoV-2 can suppress the expression of mitochondrial genes involved in production of ATP cell fuel in many vital organs. The discovery paves the way to a search for strategies to restore mitochondrial function.


Soybean oil production residue can be used to make a product that treats symptoms of menopause
SDG 3
Soybean oil production residue can be used to make a product that treats symptoms of menopause

Scientists in Brazil have tested a method to obtain a substance similar to estrogen from soy isoflavones. They aim to create a product that reduces the discomfort suffered by many women in the menopause.


Copaiba oil nanoemulsion found to have antiviral potential against zika
SDG 3
Copaiba oil nanoemulsion found to have antiviral potential against zika

Results of tests with the substance pave the way for the development of medications or specific vaccines against zika, for which there is currently no treatment. The number of cases rose 20% year on year in the first seven months of 2023.


Biopesticide is harmless to mammals but can wipe out colonies of wasps that benefit plants
SDG 2
Biopesticide is harmless to mammals but can wipe out colonies of wasps that benefit plants

Albeit less lethal than synthetic insecticides, this fungus-based substance is not detected by social insects and can spread spores to entire nests, threatening the survival of species that play a key role in pest control and pollination.


Brazilians create sensor to monitor levels of widely used antibiotic in water and food
SDG 6
Brazilians create sensor to monitor levels of widely used antibiotic in water and food

The device, which combines magnetic fluorescent nanoparticles, was designed at the Center for Development of Functional Materials, a research center supported by FAPESP and hosted by the Federal University of São Carlos.


FAPESP-supported research center embarks on program of digital inclusion in ten Brazilian municipalities
SDG 9
FAPESP-supported research center embarks on program of digital inclusion in ten Brazilian municipalities

Hosted by the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA), the new center will establish Agricultural Technology Districts in which to conduct research, development and innovation activities in emerging technologies. The initiative has the potential to reach 14,000 small and medium rural properties.


New RIDC will work to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration in agriculture
SDG 2, SDG 13
New RIDC will work to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and increase carbon sequestration in agriculture

The Center for Carbon Research in Tropical Agriculture (CCARBON) is a Research, Innovation and Dissemination Center (RIDC) supported by FAPESP and hosted by the University of São Paulo’s Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture (ESALQ-USP). It was officially launched on November 17 and aims to make food, fiber and energy productivity part of the solution to the climate crisis.


New study proves that severe COVID-19 is a thrombotic disease
SDG 3
New study proves that severe COVID-19 is a thrombotic disease

In an article published in the Journal of Applied Physiology, researchers at the University of São Paulo show that damage to small blood vessels in the lungs caused by SARS-CoV-2 is the main factor underlying severe COVID-19.


Research group plans to map potential for hydrogen production in sugar and ethanol industry
SDG 7
Research group plans to map potential for hydrogen production in sugar and ethanol industry

The goal is to produce sustainable aviation fuel from sugarcane biomass and ethanol.


Analysis of carbon cycle during last glacial period can help monitor climate crisis
SDG 13
Analysis of carbon cycle during last glacial period can help monitor climate crisis

A study conducted in Brazil analyzed marine sediments to investigate gas exchanges between the ocean and the atmosphere in the recent past. The researchers concluded that a rise in the temperature of the South Atlantic caused a release of CO2 trapped at the bottom of the Southern Ocean.


Researchers profile pollutants present in an important river basin in São Paulo state, Brazil
SDG 6, SDG 14
Researchers profile pollutants present in an important river basin in São Paulo state, Brazil

Scientists at the State University of Campinas analyzed samples taken at 15 points in the basin comprising the Piracicaba, Capivari and Jundiaí Rivers, and detected 45 contaminants, including compounds from agricultural, industrial and household effluents not yet regulated by Brazilian legislation.


FAPESP participates in international summit on poles and glaciers in France
SDG 13, SDG 17
FAPESP participates in international summit on poles and glaciers in France

The One Planet Polar Summit was attended by people from over 40 countries, including researchers, experts, members of business enterprises and nonprofits, and representatives of Indigenous Peoples.


FAPESP strengthens research collaboration with Italy
SDG 17
FAPESP strengthens research collaboration with Italy

Senior executives of the foundation visited leading Italian universities and scientific institutions with the aim of increasing collaboration.


Cognitive training can improve the quality of everyday life
SDG 3, SDG 9
Cognitive training can improve the quality of everyday life

Technology developed by a startup supported by FAPESP has been used to improve the performance of athletes like soccer goalkeeper Ederson, who plays for Manchester City and Brazil’s national side, and to reduce the number of accidents caused by human error in the petrochemical and meatpacking industries.


Review article shows key role of Brazil in research on sugarcane for bioenergy
SDG 7, SDG 13
Review article shows key role of Brazil in research on sugarcane for bioenergy

The study by researchers at the University of São Paulo also shows that genetic engineering techniques need to be improved in order to increase ethanol production without expanding crop acreage, a strategy considered crucial to the effort to cope with climate change.


FAPESP and the University of São Paulo are participating in the Ocean Pavilion at COP28 in Dubai
SDG 13, SDG 14
FAPESP and the University of São Paulo are participating in the Ocean Pavilion at COP28 in Dubai

A group of organizations led by Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and the University of California San Diego’s Scripps Institution of Oceanography have established an online platform to raise the visibility of the ocean and highlight its importance to climate negotiations and life on the planet.


News about research projects funded by FAPESP and articulated with the SDGs: