Fapesp

FAPESP and the Sustainable Development Goals

News

Research funded by FAPESP aligned with the SDGs

News

Research funded by FAPESP aligned with the SDGs

Technique using light and artificial intelligence is effective in selecting immature soybean seeds
SDG 9
Technique using light and artificial intelligence is effective in selecting immature soybean seeds

Research conducted by Brazilian scientists has demonstrated that chlorophyll fluorescence is a reliable predictor of seed maturity. The greener the seed, the lower the quality. Manual separation is the rule in Brazil.


Researchers use AI to define priority areas for action to combat deforestation in the Amazon
SDG 13
Researchers use AI to define priority areas for action to combat deforestation in the Amazon

A study using satellite imagery and machine learning techniques shows that many deforestation hotspots lie outside the 11 municipalities currently monitored by the Brazilian federal government under its Amazon Plan 2021/2022.


Study reveals immune mechanism responsible for some fatal COVID-19 cases
SDG 3
Study reveals immune mechanism responsible for some fatal COVID-19 cases

While some patients die with a high viral load and little inflammation, others succumb to inflammatory complications that arise after the virus is eliminated from the organism. According to scientists at the University of São Paulo, lasting inflammasome activation is key in such cases. The findings can be used to develop personalized therapeutic approaches.


Biodiversity conservation is linked to poverty reduction, scientists say
SDG 1, SDG 3, SDG 10, SDG 12, SDG 14, SDG 15
Biodiversity conservation is linked to poverty reduction, scientists say

In a webinar held to present the third chapter of the book published by the São Paulo State Academy of Sciences to commemorate FAPESP’s sixtieth anniversary, specialists showed that protection of terrestrial and marine environments contributes to food production and job creation, among other benefits.


Article details protocol for production of laboratory equipment by 3D printing
SDG 9
Article details protocol for production of laboratory equipment by 3D printing

Conducted by Brazilian researchers, the study focused on the fused deposition modeling technique and was featured on the cover of Analytical Chemistry, a journal of the American Chemical Society.


New findings confirm that impact of extraterrestrial object produced Colônia crater
SDG 15
New findings confirm that impact of extraterrestrial object produced Colônia crater

Spherules were discovered in the sediments present at depths of 180-224 m inside the crater located in São Paulo, Brazil. Their shape suggests local rock was pulverized, nebulized, and expelled upward by the collision.


Researchers map incidence of malaria in pregnancy in Brazil
SDG 3
Researchers map incidence of malaria in pregnancy in Brazil

A study published in Lancet Regional Health – Americas will help improve actions to combat this public health problem in the North of Brazil.


Study finds link between post-COVID loss of smell or taste and memory problems
SDG 3
Study finds link between post-COVID loss of smell or taste and memory problems

Researchers at the University of São Paulo in Brazil followed up hundreds of COVID patients after discharge from hospital in São Paulo City. Tests conducted six months later showed that those with the most severe sensory disorders also performed worse in tests of cognitive functions, especially memorization.


Study reveals mechanism that leads to malaria-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome
SDG 3
Study reveals mechanism that leads to malaria-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome

Researchers at the University of São Paulo tested a therapeutic intervention that proved capable of reducing the mortality rate from MA-ARDS in experiments on mice. The findings point to an avenue for the development of novel treatments for human patients.


Study obtains superconductivity at higher temperature than usual
SDG 9
Study obtains superconductivity at higher temperature than usual

Discovery by Brazilian researchers featured on cover of the journal Nanoscale is noteworthy because of possible applications in next-generation electronic devices.


Drone-borne radar detects underground ants’ nests that threaten eucalyptus plantations
SDG 2, SDG 9
Drone-borne radar detects underground ants’ nests that threaten eucalyptus plantations

A startup supported by FAPESP developed the technology, which is being tested by pulp and paper manufacturer Klabin.


Protein that detects light may play a role in the origin and progression of melanoma, study suggests
SDG 3
Protein that detects light may play a role in the origin and progression of melanoma, study suggests

Researchers at the University of São Paulo showed, through experiments on animals and genetically modified cells, that this type of cancer advances more slowly when the light-sensitive molecule known as melanopsin is deactivated. The discovery could point to novel therapeutic strategies.


Amazon Rainforest’s resilience creates windows of opportunity for passive regeneration
SDG 13
Amazon Rainforest’s resilience creates windows of opportunity for passive regeneration

A study conducted at the University of São Paulo highlights the importance of riparian forests in the process.


Phenomenon that normally leads to human cell death appears vital for parasites, study shows
SDG 3
Phenomenon that normally leads to human cell death appears vital for parasites, study shows

Double-strand DNA breaks cause cell damage in several organisms, but apparently play a key role in the lifecycles of species that cause Chagas disease, sleeping sickness and leishmaniasis. The results of the study pave the way to the development of more effective treatment.


Brazilian scientists reveal method of converting methane gas into liquid methanol
SDG 7
Brazilian scientists reveal method of converting methane gas into liquid methanol

The strategy was tested at the Federal University of São Carlos. The conversion took place under ambient temperature and pressure conditions, which could enable methane, a potent greenhouse gas, to be used to produce fuel. The process currently used by the chemical industry consumes large amounts of energy.


Born in a physics revolution, quantum materials are also revolutionizing everyday life
SDG 4, SDG 9
Born in a physics revolution, quantum materials are also revolutionizing everyday life

Quantum materials were the focus for the 12th FAPESP 60 Years Conference, which featured leading experts in the field.


Hunger increases risk of contracting COVID-19 by 76% for children in a city in the Amazon
SDG 1, SDG 3
Hunger increases risk of contracting COVID-19 by 76% for children in a city in the Amazon

In a longitudinal survey of children born in 2015 and 2016 in a city in Acre State, North Brazil, over half of the participants reported experiencing hunger in the previous month. The occurrence of symptoms also correlated with social vulnerability, and with the mother’s schooling and skin color.


Overhead road crossings avoid deaths of primate threatened with extinction, study confirms
SDG 15
Overhead road crossings avoid deaths of primate threatened with extinction, study confirms

A project supported by environmental agencies, local government and private enterprise, as well as FAPESP, compared the use of a wooden pole bridge and a rope ladder bridge between tree canopies over a local road for three years in a municipality with an Atlantic Rainforest conservation unit. Monitoring focused on the Black lion tamarin, an environmental heritage species symbolizing wildlife conservation in the state of São Paulo.


Study shows for the first time that phonons can be manipulated by means of a magnetic field
SDG 9
Study shows for the first time that phonons can be manipulated by means of a magnetic field

Results published in Physical Review Letters by scientists at the University of São Paulo and Rice University can be used to improve thermoelectric devices.


Degradation of remaining Amazon forest could emit as much carbon as deforestation, if not more
SDG 13
Degradation of remaining Amazon forest could emit as much carbon as deforestation, if not more

The world’s largest tropical forest has already lost 30% of its carbon storage capacity owing to human activity. This and other topics were discussed at a webinar held to honor FAPESP’s 60th anniversary by the São Paulo State Academy of Sciences.


Technique based on artificial intelligence detects Chagas disease using images taken with smartphone
SDG 3
Technique based on artificial intelligence detects Chagas disease using images taken with smartphone

Brazilian researchers have developed an algorithm to identify the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi in photographs of blood samples taken with a mobile phone camera. The low-cost method is described in the journal PeerJ and can be reproduced.


Study reveals set of deregulated genes in pancreatic cancer and points to potential therapeutic targets
SDG 3
Study reveals set of deregulated genes in pancreatic cancer and points to potential therapeutic targets

Researchers at the University of São Paulo analyzed the expression of long non-coding RNAs, the type that does not give rise to proteins, in samples from patients and tumor cell lines, identifying a group of genes with augmented expression in pancreatic cancer.


Agreement will permit installation of Pasteur Institute unit in the state of São Paulo
SDG 3, SDG 17
Agreement will permit installation of Pasteur Institute unit in the state of São Paulo

The agreement was signed between the University of São Paulo, the state government and Pasteur Institute at an event held to celebrate the 200th anniversary of Louis Pasteur’s birth and FAPESP’s 60th anniversary. FAPESP renewed and expanded its support for the Scientific Platform Pasteur-USP, which will host the new research unit.


Study shows that amino acid taurine could be used in anti-aging therapy
SDG 3
Study shows that amino acid taurine could be used in anti-aging therapy

A clinical trial involving women aged 55-70 suggests that supplementing diet with this nutrient can reinforce the organism’s antioxidant defenses and possibly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and high blood pressure. Studies with more volunteers are needed to confirm the effect.


North Atlantic temperature helps forecast extreme events in Northeast Brazil up to 3 months in advance
SDG 13
North Atlantic temperature helps forecast extreme events in Northeast Brazil up to 3 months in advance

The finding comes from a study reported by scientists from Brazil, China, Australia and Germany in the journal Geophysical Research Letters. The group used a novel methodology focusing on low rainfall and severe drought.


News about research projects funded by FAPESP and articulated with the SDGs: