Fapesp

FAPESP and the Sustainable Development Goals

News

Research funded by FAPESP aligned with the SDGs

News

Research funded by FAPESP aligned with the SDGs

Soil microorganisms are also threatened by conversion of forest to pasture in the Amazon
SDG 13
Soil microorganisms are also threatened by conversion of forest to pasture in the Amazon

Bacteria, fungi and archaea that live in soil act as a methane sink, among other ecosystem services, but deforestation can reduce their functional diversity, Brazilian, British and American researchers warn in the journal Trends in Ecology and Evolution.


Study proposes novel hypothesis to explain occupation of Brazil’s southern coast 2,000 years ago
Study proposes novel hypothesis to explain occupation of Brazil’s southern coast 2,000 years ago

New analysis of an archaeological site near the town of Laguna refutes the theory that the ancestors of the Southern Jê replaced the people who built shell middens and burial mounds known as sambaquis for more than 5,000 years on the coast of Santa Catarina state. The results are reported in PLOS ONE.


Model combines physical parameters and machine learning to predict storm tides
Model combines physical parameters and machine learning to predict storm tides

Developed by researchers at the University of São Paulo in Brazil, the system used the port city of Santos as a sample space, and could enhance the efficiency of civil defense activities in the context of extreme weather events.


Brazilian scientists develop functional bread to help prevent asthma
SDG 3
Brazilian scientists develop functional bread to help prevent asthma

Bread produced with probiotic yeast performed well in experiments with mice, showing potential to combat asthma, which affects 20 million Brazilians.


Nanotechnology can help producers extend shelf life of flowers
SDG 9
Nanotechnology can help producers extend shelf life of flowers

A startup supported by FAPESP is developing a fertilizer that extends the shelf life of roses and keeps them healthy.


Mindfulness alleviates stress and anxiety among nursing staff, study confirms
SDG 3, SDG 5
Mindfulness alleviates stress and anxiety among nursing staff, study confirms

A systematic review of 14 scientific articles on studies conducted in seven countries detected a statistically significant improvement in mental health after treatment with mindfulness.


Group investigates whether nanoparticles of industrial interest are safe for cells
SDG 3
Group investigates whether nanoparticles of industrial interest are safe for cells

In vitro tests show that some of the materials are toxic in high concentrations and can cause inflammatory processes.


Project seeks to strengthen public policy for disaster risk management
SDG 13, SDG 16
Project seeks to strengthen public policy for disaster risk management

The extreme weather events in the South of Brazil call for urgent coordinated action by governments and entities. The Paraíba do Sul basin is the focus for a “pilot” project conducted by a group of researchers.


Advances in techniques used to identify sharks and rays have not prevented trade and increase in extinction risk
SDG 14
Advances in techniques used to identify sharks and rays have not prevented trade and increase in extinction risk

An analysis of scientific papers published in a 15-year period on molecular methods to identify elasmobranch species shows that better detection of illegal trade has not enhanced protection.


Monitoring shows chikungunya epidemics can be predicted by means of surveillance
SDG 3
Monitoring shows chikungunya epidemics can be predicted by means of surveillance

A study conducted in a medium-sized city in São Paulo state (Brazil) found that chikungunya, which has caused major epidemics in several countries, can also circulate silently in a community, with few infections for years. The researchers produced a new profile of this arbovirus, underscoring the importance of disease surveillance to predict and prepare efficiently for epidemics.


Use of WhatsApp messages by public health service to treat depression in older people produces results, study shows
SDG 3
Use of WhatsApp messages by public health service to treat depression in older people produces results, study shows

With simple audio messages and images, the Viva Vida program produced significant improvements in over-sixties living in a major city in metropolitan São Paulo (Brazil). An article on the study is published in Nature Medicine.


Group tests novel therapeutic strategy to minimize progression of Duchenne muscular dystrophy
SDG 3
Group tests novel therapeutic strategy to minimize progression of Duchenne muscular dystrophy

The use of photobiomodulation and an antioxidant drug called idebenone strengthened the regenerative capacity of muscle fibers in an experimental model, a study conducted at the State University of Campinas shows.


Artificial intelligence helps analyze blood work to detect breast cancer
SDG 9
Artificial intelligence helps analyze blood work to detect breast cancer

A startup supported by FAPESP is using AI to detect chronic diseases by analyzing ordinary blood tests.


Pesticides impair mobility and immune system of Brazilian native stingless bees, study shows
SDG 2
Pesticides impair mobility and immune system of Brazilian native stingless bees, study shows

After 48 hours of exposure to the pesticides imidacloprid, pyraclostrobin and glyphosate, stingless bees of the species Melipona scutellaris exhibited morphological and behavioral alterations that could weaken colonies, impair pollination and adversely affect food security.


Chapter 6: Trip to the Negro River marked a reunion after pioneering expeditions in the 1990s
SDG 14
Chapter 6: Trip to the Negro River marked a reunion after pioneering expeditions in the 1990s

One of the fishing methods used to collect electric fish in the DEGy Negro River Expedition was employed for the first time on a large scale in freshwater during the Calhamazon project, which brought together researchers from Brazil and the United States between 1993 and 1996.


Chapter 4: <i>Sarapós</i> stand out for the diversity of environments they occupy
SDG 14
Chapter 4: <i>Sarapós</i> stand out for the diversity of environments they occupy

The most abundant electric fish are found from the bottom of large rivers to igarapés, where they can bury themselves in the sand or blend into the leaf litter. In two weeks, an expedition in the Negro River basin collected 27 species of the group.


Chapter 3: On the Preto River, <i>poraquês</i> live in submerged ‘condominiums’ on the banks of <i>igarapés</i>
SDG 14
Chapter 3: On the Preto River, <i>poraquês</i> live in submerged ‘condominiums’ on the banks of <i>igarapés</i>

A species from the Negro River basin uses the spaces between the roots and hollows of trees to build nests and care for its young for four to six months, leaving only at night to hunt.


Chapter 2: Mysterious electric fish remains undiscovered by researchers in Jauaperi
SDG 14
Chapter 2: Mysterious electric fish remains undiscovered by researchers in Jauaperi

Historic drought in the Negro River basin and a possible inaccurate description of the distribution of Iracema caiana may be reasons why the species was not found by the DEGy Negro River Expedition. The episode describes the first collections.


Chapter 1: Nets, traps and contraptions make up material used to collect electric fish
SDG 14
Chapter 1: Nets, traps and contraptions make up material used to collect electric fish

In preparation for the expedition down the Negro River in search of fish of the order Gymnotiformes, researchers gather more than 200 kilos of equipment and supplies for detecting, collecting and storing specimens.


Expedition searches for mysterious electric fish and new discoveries about Amazonian species
SDG 14
Expedition searches for mysterious electric fish and new discoveries about Amazonian species

For two weeks, scientists from the University of São Paulo collected specimens of poraquês and other fish of the order Gymnotiformes aboard the vessel Comandante Gomes. The Agência FAPESP report followed the work in the field.


Study could lead to the development of low-cost biocidal materials
SDG 3, SDG 9
Study could lead to the development of low-cost biocidal materials

Experiment with the semiconductor silver phosphate revealed an unprecedented mechanism for the formation of reactive oxygen species – toxic molecules that can cause the death of pathogens.


Frequency and magnitude of extreme rainfall events in Brazil’s South region have increased since 1950, study shows
SDG 13
Frequency and magnitude of extreme rainfall events in Brazil’s South region have increased since 1950, study shows

An analysis of data from weather stations shows that large contiguous areas of the region have seen more days of extremely heavy rain in the past seven decades.


Virus that causes COVID-19 can remain in sperm for 110 days after infection
SDG 3
Virus that causes COVID-19 can remain in sperm for 110 days after infection

Researchers detected SARS-CoV-2 in male reproductive cells under the microscope even when PCR testing failed to detect the virus in semen. The discovery serves as a warning of possible implications for natural conception and particularly for assisted reproduction.


Researchers discover neural circuit involved in compulsive eating even without hunger
SDG 3
Researchers discover neural circuit involved in compulsive eating even without hunger

In a study involving mice, scientists used a technique that combines light stimulation and bioengineering to activate a cluster of nerve cells deep inside the brain. The discovery could pave the way to future treatment of eating disorders.


Scientists in Brazil and India collaborate on research to create promising treatment for solid tumors
SDG 3
Scientists in Brazil and India collaborate on research to create promising treatment for solid tumors

In tests involving animals, nanoparticles containing substances already approved for human use reduced inflammation in the biological microenvironment where malignant tumors flourish and facilitated the action of the immune system.


News about research projects funded by FAPESP and articulated with the SDGs: