Fapesp

FAPESP and the Sustainable Development Goals

News

Research funded by FAPESP aligned with the SDGs

News

Research funded by FAPESP aligned with the SDGs

Study shows how physical exercise can control diabetes in obese individuals
SDG 3
Study shows how physical exercise can control diabetes in obese individuals

In experiments with mice, Brazilian scientists demonstrated that a moderate training protocol reduced liver fat and made the organ more sensitive to insulin, even before loss of body weight occurred.


Sickle cell disease needs more attention
SDG 3
Sickle cell disease needs more attention

Article signed by researchers affiliated with institutions in the US, UK, Ghana and Brazil highlights recent progress in diagnosis and treatment but warns that more screening of newborns is needed.


A method for detecting peptide accumulation linked to Alzheimer’s is validated in Brazil
SDG 3
A method for detecting peptide accumulation linked to Alzheimer’s is validated in Brazil

The nuclear medicine technique, combined with other kinds of analyses, more precisely distinguishes Alzheimer’s from other neurodegenerative diseases; the test has yet to be approved for routine use in clinical practice.


Tube anemone has the largest animal mitochondrial genome ever sequenced
SDG 14
Tube anemone has the largest animal mitochondrial genome ever sequenced

Discovery by Brazilian and US researchers could change the classification of two species, which appear more akin to jellyfish than was thought.


Mozambique seeks scientific cooperation on natural disaster prevention
SDG 17
Mozambique seeks scientific cooperation on natural disaster prevention

Adaptation to climate change and mitigation of its effects are subjects of interest to Mozambique’s National Research Fund (FNI), which has signed a cooperation agreement with FAPESP.


Freshwater stingray venom varies according to sex and age
SDG 14
Freshwater stingray venom varies according to sex and age

A study by the FAPESP-funded Research, Innovation and Dissemination Center shows that toxins produced by young female stingrays cause more pain, whereas toxins produced by adult stingrays cause tissue necrosis.


Modified enzyme can increase second-generation ethanol production
SDG 7, SDG 9
Modified enzyme can increase second-generation ethanol production

Using a protein produced by a fungus that lives in the Amazon, Brazilian researchers developed a molecule capable of increasing glucose release from biomass for fermentation.


Innovative bike rack technology
SDG 9
Innovative bike rack technology

A Brazilian startup develops an equipment titled that uses high-power suction pads to anchor rack to car roof.


Heart rate variation due to stress affects auditory attention
SDG 3
Heart rate variation due to stress affects auditory attention

Study shows that brain activity related to auditory perception parallels heart rate, offering new perspectives for the treatment of attention and communication disorders.


Devices help predict seizures and treat patients with epilepsy
SDG 3
Devices help predict seizures and treat patients with epilepsy

Implantable devices which could improve the quality of patients’ lives – Australian-made and still under tests – were presented to the congress of BRAINN, a FAPESP-funded Research, Innovation and Dissemination Center.


Pollution from Manaus results in up to 400% higher aerosol formation due to the Amazon Rainforest
SDG 13
Pollution from Manaus results in up to 400% higher aerosol formation due to the Amazon Rainforest

This phenomenon affects cloud production and rainfall, with consequences for the local and global climate, which researchers have warned about in the study published in Nature Communications.


A combination of agrochemicals shortens the life of bees and modifies their behavior, study shows
SDG 12, SDG 15
A combination of agrochemicals shortens the life of bees and modifies their behavior, study shows

A nonlethal dose of insecticide clothianidin can reduce honeybees’ life span by half; once combined with the fungicide pyraclostrobin, it alters the behavior of worker bees to the point of endangering the whole colony.


Study could improve fire monitoring in Brazilian savanna
SDG 13
Study could improve fire monitoring in Brazilian savanna

With the aim of enhancing the quality of Brazilian space research output, scientists investigated the accuracy of different satellite data collections.


Replacing diesel with liquefied natural gas allows for a fuel economy of up to 60% in São Paulo, Brazil
SDG 7
Replacing diesel with liquefied natural gas allows for a fuel economy of up to 60% in São Paulo, Brazil

A study conducted at the FAPESP-funded Research Centre for Gas Innovation pointed to the environmental and economic benefits of the cargo transportation industry in São Paulo State’s interior adopting LNG.


Startup uses light to treat pain
SDG 3, SDG 9
Startup uses light to treat pain

Brazilian tech startup Bright Photomedicine is also testing the anti-inflammatory and neurological action of photobiomodulation.


Gender and sex analysis opens up new horizons for research and innovation
SDG 9
Gender and sex analysis opens up new horizons for research and innovation

Londa Schiebinger, Professor of History at Stanford, says privileging male over female is an obstacle to scientific and technological development.


Species extinction is accelerating at an unprecedented rate, warns IPBES report
SDG 13, SDG 14, SDG 15
Species extinction is accelerating at an unprecedented rate, warns IPBES report

The decline in biodiversity is a direct result of human activity and represents a grave threat to human well-being according to the first global assessment of the state of nature.


Air pollution affects tree growth in São Paulo
SDG 13
Air pollution affects tree growth in São Paulo

Researchers in Brazil find that high levels of heavy metals and particulate matter suspended in the atmosphere restrict the growth of tipuana trees, which are ubiquitous in São Paulo, the largest Brazilian city.


Overweight adolescents are approximately as likely to develop heart disorders as obese adolescents
SDG 3
Overweight adolescents are approximately as likely to develop heart disorders as obese adolescents

Brazilian researchers arrived at this conclusion after conducting cardiovascular fitness tests with boys and girls aged 10-17. The results were published in Cardiology in the Young.


Enzyme may indicate predisposition to cardiovascular disease
SDG 3
Enzyme may indicate predisposition to cardiovascular disease

Study suggests that people with low levels of PDIA1 in blood plasma may be at high risk of thrombosis; this group also investigated PDIA1’s specific interactions in cancer.


Intensive silviculture accelerates Atlantic Rainforest biodiversity regeneration
SDG 13
Intensive silviculture accelerates Atlantic Rainforest biodiversity regeneration

The study shows the advantages of herbicide spraying and intensive fertilization in reforestation programs to mitigate the effects of climate change.


“Gender equity in science is a major concern,” says NSF head
SDG 5
“Gender equity in science is a major concern,” says NSF head

France Córdova gave an interview where she spoke of initiatives designed to stimulate women to rise to leadership positions in academia, and how science can help us dispel myths and understand the true nature of things.


Study may help prevent relapse in cocaine use disorder patients
SDG 3
Study may help prevent relapse in cocaine use disorder patients

Brazilian researchers combined cognitive dysfunction tests with an analysis of drug use patterns to identify patients at high risk of relapse after treatment


A study shows climate change may lead to a decline in pasture quality
SDG 13
A study shows climate change may lead to a decline in pasture quality

An increase in average temperature may render forage crops more fibrous and poorer in protein content. In the process, cattle will need to consume more food to reach slaughter weight and will produce more methane.


Biosensor detects gluten in the diet of patients with celiac disease
SDG 3
Biosensor detects gluten in the diet of patients with celiac disease

Device developed by Spanish researchers detects the presence of the gluten peptide most resistant to digestion in urine samples. The operation is as simple as that of a drugstore pregnancy test.


News about research projects funded by FAPESP and articulated with the SDGs: